An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Number of Results: 722
repetition
  بازگرش   
bâzgarš

Fr.: répétition   

The act of repeating; repeated action, performance, production, or presentation.

From L. repetitionem (nominative repetitio), from repetitus, p.p. of repetere "to do or say again."

Bâzgarš from bâz-, → re-, + garš "turn, time (indicating multiplication, as in three times, four times, etc.," aquivalent to Fr. fois), related to gez in hargez "ever, always; never," garz in hagarz "never." Garš has numerous variants in Pers. dialects, all denoting "turn, times" (بار، دفعه), e.g. [Mo'in]: gazak; Qâyeni: gaš; Hamadâni, Qomi: kaš; Lori: gey, gel; Semnâni, Sorxeyi, Lâsgardi, Sangesari: gazak; Gilaki: garaš; Tâleši: gara, vera, verxa; Tabari: gal, gel; Tâti Karingâni: kat; Kermâni: karet; related to Av. hakərət "once," from *ha(m)-kar-, the second element meaning "to do;" Pers; kardan; cf. Skt. sakrt "once, repeated; ever; never."

replenish
  باز‌آکندن   
bâz-âkandan

Fr.: réapprovisionner   

To make full or complete again, as by supplying what is lacking or used up. → replenishment.

M.E. replenisshen, from O.Fr. repleniss-, extended pr.p. stem of replenir "to fill up," from → re-, intensive prefix, + -plenir, from L. plenus "full," cognate with Pers. por "full," → full.

Bâz-âkandan, from bâz, → re-, âkandan "to fill, to stuff;" Mid.Pers. âgandan "to fill, stuff;" maybe related to Skt. ghana- "full of, densely filled with, complete;" Proto-Iranian *kan- "to fill."

replenishment
  باز‌آکند   
bâz-âkand

Fr.: réapprovisionnement   

The process by which a missing chemical element or compound is added to an astrophysical medium.

Verbal noun of → replenish.

report
  گزارش   
gozâreš (#)

Fr.: rapport   

An account describing in detail an event, situation, or the like, as an → observing report.

M.E. reporten, from M.Fr. reporter, from O.Fr. report, from reporter "to tell, relate," from L. reportare "carry back," from → re- "back" + portare "to carry."

Gozâreš "report; explanation," verbal noun of gozârdan"to explain;" Mid.Pers. wizardan "to explain;" O.Pers. abicriš- "servant," all from prefixed Proto-Iranian *car- "to move, walk, perform;" cf. Av. car- "to move, approach," carānī "moves," aipi-cara- "following," fra-cara- "preceding;" also Mod.Pers. caridan "to graze;" Skt. car- "to move, walk, go, wander, perform," cárati "moves, wanders;" Gk. pelomai "am in motion; go;" L. anculus "servant," colere "to till, inhabit."

representation
  نمایش، نمایندگی   
nemâyeš (#), nemâyandegi (#)

Fr.: représentation   

1) The act or the action of representing; the state of being represented.
2) The expression by some term, character, symbol, or the like.

M.E. representacion, from L. repraesentation, from repraesentatus p.p. of repraesentare, from → re- + praesentare "to show, give, present for approval," from praesens, from praeesse "to be before others, to be present," from prae- "before," → pre- + esse "to be," cognate with Pers. ast "is," astan, hastan "to be."

Nemâyeš, nemâyandegi, from nemudan "to show, demonstrate, exhibit," → display

reprint
  بازچاپ   
bâzcâp (#)

Fr.: ré-impression   

A reproduction in print of matter already printed.

re- + → print.

repulse
  وازدن   
vâzadan (#)

Fr.: repousser   

To drive back; to repel.
repulsion, → repulsive force, → repulsive gravity.

M.E., from L. repulsus, p.p. of repellere, from → re- "back" + pellere "to drive, strike, push."

Vâzadan "to repulse," from vâ-re- + zadan "to strike, beat; to play an instrument; to do" (Mid.Pers. zatan, žatan; O.Pers./Av. jan-, gan- "to strike, hit, smite, kill" (jantar- "smiter"); cf. Skt. han- "to strike, beat" (hantar- "smiter, killer"); Gk. theinein "to strike;" L. fendere "to strike, push;" Gmc. *gundjo "war, battle;" PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill").

repulsion
  وازنش   
vâzaneš (#)

Fr.: répulsion   

Physics: The force that acts between bodies of like electric charge or magnetic polarity, tending to separate them.

Verbal noun of → repulse.

repulsive
  وازننده   
vâzanadé (#)

Fr.: répulsif   

Capable of causing → repulsion.
repulsive force, → repulsive gravity.

repulsive; → -ive.

repulsive force
  نیروی ِ وازننده   
niru-ye vâzanandé

Fr.: force répulsive   

The force by which bodies repel one another. → repulsion.

Repulsive, adj. of → repulse; → force.

repulsive gravity
  گرانی ِ وازننده   
gerâni-ye vâzanadé

Fr.: gravité répulsive   

In → general relativity, the gravity resulting from a → negative pressure. See also → cosmological constant.

repulsive; → gravity.

research
  ۱) پژوهش؛ ۲) پژوهیدن   
1) pažuheš (#); 2) pažuhidan (#)

Fr.: 1) recherche; 2) rechercher   

1) (n.) A systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or establish or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.
2) (v.) To carry out research into a subject.

From M.Fr. recerche, from O.Fr. recercher "to seek out, search closely," from → re-, intensive prefix, + cercher "to seek for," from L. circare "to go about, wander, traverse," from circuscircle.

Pažuheš, verbal noun of pažuhidan "to search;" Mid.Pers. wizôy- "to examine, investigate;" ultimately from Proto-Iranian *pati-iud-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of (cf. O.Pers. paity; Av. paiti; Skt. práti; Pali pati-; Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to, near;" PIE base *proti) + *iud- "to struggle for something, to fight (Av. yūδ- "to fight, struggle;" Mod.Pers. justan, juy- "to search, seek, ask for"); cf. Mid.Pers. vijuyihitan "to search, seek."

research and development
  پژوهش و گوالش   
pažuheš o govâleš

Fr.: recherche et développement   

Systematic activity combining both basic and applied research, and aimed at discovering solutions to problems or creating new goods and knowledge. (BusinessDictionary.com).

research; → development.

research director
  راشتار ِ پژوهش   
râštâr-e pažuheš

Fr.: directeur de recherche   

A person who has the quality of guiding, regulating, or controlling the work of other researchers.

research; → director.

research reactor
  واژیرگر ِ پژوهشی   
vâžirgar-e pažuheši

Fr.: réacteur de recherche   

A nuclear reactor designed for radionuclide production, materials testing, and training.

research; → reactor.

researcher
  پژوهشگر   
pažuhešgar (#)

Fr.: chercheur   

A scientist who devotes himself to doing research.

Agent noun, from → research + → -or.

reseau
  رزو   
rezo

Fr.: réseau   

A grid of fine lines photographed onto or cut into a glass plate and used as a reference for astronomical observations.

From Fr. réseau, O.Fr. reseuil "little net," from raiz "net," from L. rete "net."

Rezo, loan from Fr., as above.

reside
  نشتیدن   
neštidan

Fr.: résider   

To dwell permanently or for a considerable time.

M.E., from M.Fr. resider and directly from L. residere "sit down, settle; remain behind, rest," from → re- "back, again" + sedere "to sit," cognate with Pers. nešastan "to sit down," as below.

Neštidan, from Baluci ništ-, Kurd. ništin, Gurani nîšt, Awromani ništay-, Gazi ništ, Shahmerzadi -ništ, Gilaki ništoen "to sit down," variant of Pers. nešastan "to sit down, settle down," nešim "nest," Mid.Pers. nišastan "to sit;" O.Pers. nišādayam [1 sg.impf.caus.act.] "to sit down, to establish," hadiš- "abode;" Av. nišasiiā [1 sg.subj.acr.] "I shall sit down," from nihad- "to sit down," from → ni- "down, below," + had- "to sit;" PIE base *sed- "to sit;" cf. Skt. sad- "to sit," sidati "sits;" Gk. hezomai "to sit," hedra "seat, chair;" L. sedere "to sit;" O.Ir. suide "seat, sitting;" Welsh sedd "seat;" Lith. sedmi "to sit;" Rus. sad "garden;" Goth. sitan, Ger. sitzen; E. sit.

residence
  ۱) نشتگاه؛ ۱،۲) نشتمان   
1) neštgâh; 1,2) neštmân

Fr.: résidence   

1) The place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home.
2) The act or fact of residing (Dictionary.com).

reside; → -ence.

Neštgâh, from nešt present stem of neštidanreside + -gâh a suffix of place and time. Neštmân with -mân a suffix of verbl nouns used with present and past stems, as in zâymân, câymân, sâxtemân, sâzmân, goftemân, râžmân.

resident
  نشتنده، نشتگر   
neštandé, neštgar

Fr.: résident   

A person who resides in a place.

reside + -ent, a suffix, equivalent to -ant froming nouns and adjectives.

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