An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 712

Fr.: démision   

The act of resigning.

Verbal noun from → resign.

  بر‌ایستادن، ایستادگی کردن   
baristâdan (#), istâdegi kardan (#)

Fr.: résister   

To withstand the action or effect of; to strive against, or oppose.

M.E. resisten, O.Fr. resister, from L. resistere "to resist, to stand back, withstand," from → re- "against" + sistere "take a stand, stand firm," cognate with Pers. istâdan, as below.

Baristâdan "to withstand, to stand in opposition," from bar- opposition prefix, → object, + istâdan "to stand," → solstice.
Istâdegi kardan, composite verb, from istâdegi "resistance," state noun from istâdan, + kardan "to do, to make," → -or.

  بر‌ایستگری، ایستادگی   
baristgari, istâdegi (#)

Fr.: résistance   

1) General: The act or power of resisting, opposing, or withstanding.
2) Electricity: A property of a conductor by virtue of which the passage of current is opposed, causing electric energy to be transformed into heat. It is the quantity that determines the current that results due to a voltage in a simple circuit. For a fixed voltage, if the resistance increases, the current decreases. It is given by the equation R = ΔV/I, where ΔV is the voltage difference and I the current. Resistance has the SI units volts per ampere, called → ohm.

From → resist + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.

Baristgari, from baristgar, → resistant.
Istâdegi "resistance," state noun from istâdé "stood," p.p. of istâdan "to stand," → resist.

  بر‌ایست‌گر، ایستادگی‌گر   
baristgar, istâdegigar

Fr.: résistant   

1) Characterized by or showing resistance.
2) A person or thing that resists.

Present participle of → resist, with -ant a suffix forming adjectives and nouns from verbs.

Baristgar, from barist present stem of baristâdan, → resist, + -gar, agent suffix, → -or.
Istâdegigar, from istâdegi, → resistance, + -gar.


Fr.: résistif   

Capable of or inclined to resistance; resisting.

From resist, → resistance, + → -ive.

Baristmand, from barist present stem of baristâdan, → resist + -mand possession suffix, → -ist.


Fr.: resistivité   

A property of a → conductor which is defined as the ratio of the → electric intensity (E) to the → current density (J): ρ = E/J. The greater the resistivity, the greater the intensity needed to establish a given current density, or the smaller the current density for a given intensity. A "perfect" conductor would have zero resistivity, and a "perfect" → insulator an infinite resistivity.

From → resistive + → -ity.


Fr.: résistance   

An electrical component used to introduce a known value of resistance into a circuit.

resist; → -or.


Fr.: résolution   

1) The degree to which an → optical system renders visible separate parts of an object. Also known as → angular resolution and → spatial resolution. See also → spectral resolution.
2) The time interval between successive discernible signals. → temporal resolution.

Verbal noun of → resolve.

resolution of a force
  واگشود ِ نیرو   
vâgošud-e niru

Fr.: résolution de force   

Finding the → components of a → force which act in specified → directions.

resolution; → force.


Fr.: résoudre   

To separate and make visible the individual parts of an → image or → spectral feature.

M.E. resolven, from L. resolvere "to loosen, undo, settle," from → re- + solvere "to loosen," → solve.

Vâgošudan, from prefix vâ-, → re-, + gošudan, gošâdan "to loose, open up, let free;" gošâd "opened; ample, broad;" Mid.Pers. wišâdan "to let free;" Khotanese hīyā "bound;" O.Pers. višta "untied, loosened," vištāspa- "with loosened horses" (personal name); Av. višta "untied," ā-hišāiiā "holds fettered," hita- "fastened, tied on, put to;" cf. Skt. sā- "to bind, fasten, fetter," sitá- "bound," ví-sita- "untied."


Fr.: résolu   

Separated and made visible in an → image or → spectral feature. → resolved line.

Past participle of → resolve.

resolved line
  خط ِ واگشوده   
xatt-e vâgošudé

Fr.: raie résolue   

A → spectral line that is not contaminated by other nearby lines.

resolved; → line.

resolving power
  توان ِ واگشود   
tavân-e vâgošud

Fr.: pouvoir de résolution, pouvoir séparateur   

A measure of an optical system's ability to produce an image which separates two points or parallel lines on the object.

Resolving verbal adj. of → resolve; → power.

bâzâvâyi (#)

Fr.: résonance   

1) The state of a → mechanical system in which the → amplitude of → oscillation is increased when it is subjected to stimulus from another source at or near its own natural → frequency.
2) The condition of an electrical circuit with respect to a given frequency in which the net reactance is zero and the current flow a maximum.
3) A relationship in which the → orbital period of one body is related to that of another by a simple integer fraction, such as 1/2, 2/3, 3/5. → Laplace resonance, → Lindblad resonance, → resonance orbit .
4) → resonance particle.

Resonance, from M.Fr. resonance, from L. resonantia "echo," from resonare "to resound," from re- "again, back" + sonare "to sound."

Bâzâvâyi, from bâz- "again, back," → re-, + âvâ "voice, sound" (related to âvâz "voice, sound, song," bâng "voice, sound, clamour" (Mid.Pers. vâng), vâžé "word;" Av. vacah- "word," vaocanghê "to decalre" (by means of speech), from vac- "to speak, say;" cf. Skt. vakti "speaks, says," vacas- "word;" Gk. epos "word;" L. vox "voice;" PIE base *wek- "to speak") + -yi noun suffix.

resonance capture
  گیر-اُفت ِ باز‌آوایی   
gir-oft-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: capture résonante   

Capture by an atomic nucleus of a particle whose energy is equal to one of the energy levels of the nucleus.

resonance; → capture.

resonance frequency
  بسامد ِ باز‌آوایی   
basâmad-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: fréquence de résonance   

The frequency at which a system is in → resonance.

resonance; → frequency.

resonance line
  خط ِ باز‌آوایی   
xatt-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: raie de résonance   

For a particular atom, the spectral line corresponding to the longest wavelength arising from a transition between the ground state and an excited state.

resonance; → line.

resonance orbit
  مدار ِ باز‌آوایی   
madâr-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: orbite de résonance   

An orbit which is in → orbital resonance with another orbit.

resonance; → orbit.

resonance particle
  ذرّه‌ی ِ باز‌آوایی   
zarre-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: particule de résonance   

A hadronic particle which exists for only a very brief time (10-23 seconds) before decaying into hadrons; also called resonance. The existence of a resonance cannot be observed directly; it can only be inferred from studying the longer-lived products of its decay.

resonance; → particle.

resonance region neutron
  نوترون ِ ناحیه‌ی ِ باز‌آوایی   
notron-e nâhiye-ye bâzâvâyi

Fr.: neutron dans la région de résonance   

A neutron with an energy between 1 eV and 0.01 MeV.

resonance; → region; → neutron.

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