Something that remains after a process involving the removal of part
of the original has been completed.
M.E., from O.Fr. residu, from L. residuum "a remainder," neuter of residuus "remaining, left over," from residere "to remain behind."
Mândé p.p. of mândan "to remain, stay" (mân "house, home;" Mid.Pers. mândan "to remain, stay;" O.Pers. mān- "to remain, dwell;" Av. man- "to remain, dwell; to wait;" Gk. menein "to remain;" L. manere "to stay, abide" (Fr. maison, ménage; E. manor, mansion, permanent); PIE base *men- "to remain, wait for").
Fr.: théorème des résidus
The theorem stating that the value of the line integral of a complex function, taken along a simple closed curve encircling a finite number of isolated singularities, is given by 2πi times the sum of the residues of the function at each of the singularities.
To give up an office or position, often formally.
M.E. resignen "give up, surrender, abandon; relinquish," from O.Fr. resigner "renounce, relinquish," from L. resignare "to check off, cancel, give back, give up," from → re- "opposite" + signare "to make an entry in an account book," literally "to mark;" → sign.
The act of resigning.
Verbal noun from → resign.
baristâdan (#), istâdegi kardan (#)
To withstand the action or effect of; to strive against, or oppose.
M.E. resisten, O.Fr. resister, from L. resistere "to resist, to stand back, withstand," from → re- "against" + sistere "take a stand, stand firm," cognate with Pers. istâdan, as below.
Baristâdan "to withstand, to stand in opposition," from bar-
opposition prefix, → object, + istâdan "to stand,"
baristgari, istâdegi (#)
1) General: The act or power of resisting, opposing, or withstanding.
From → resist + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.
1) Characterized by or showing resistance.
Present participle of → resist, with -ant a suffix forming adjectives and nouns from verbs.
Capable of or inclined to resistance; resisting.
A property of a → conductor which is defined as the ratio of the → electric intensity (E) to the → current density (J): ρ = E/J. The greater the resistivity, the greater the intensity needed to establish a given current density, or the smaller the current density for a given intensity. A "perfect" conductor would have zero resistivity, and a "perfect" → insulator an infinite resistivity.
An electrical component used to introduce a known value of resistance into a circuit.
1) The degree to which an → optical system renders visible
separate parts of an object. Also known as → angular resolution and
→ spatial resolution. See also
→ spectral resolution.
Verbal noun of → resolve.
resolution of a force
Fr.: résolution de force
Vâgošudan, from prefix vâ-, → re-, + gošudan, gošâdan "to loose, open up, let free;" gošâd "opened; ample, broad;" Mid.Pers. wišâdan "to let free;" Khotanese hīyā "bound;" O.Pers. višta "untied, loosened," vištāspa- "with loosened horses" (personal name); Av. višta "untied," ā-hišāiiā "holds fettered," hita- "fastened, tied on, put to;" cf. Skt. sā- "to bind, fasten, fetter," sitá- "bound," ví-sita- "untied."
Past participle of → resolve.
Fr.: raie résolue
A → spectral line that is not contaminated by other nearby lines.
Fr.: pouvoir de résolution, pouvoir séparateur
A measure of an optical system's ability to produce an image which separates two points or parallel lines on the object.
1) The state of a → mechanical system
in which the → amplitude of → oscillation
is increased when it is subjected to stimulus from another source at or near its
own natural → frequency.
Resonance, from M.Fr. resonance, from L. resonantia "echo," from resonare "to resound," from re- "again, back" + sonare "to sound."
Bâzâvâyi, from bâz- "again, back," → re-, + âvâ "voice, sound" (related to âvâz "voice, sound, song," bâng "voice, sound, clamour" (Mid.Pers. vâng), vâžé "word;" Av. vacah- "word," vaocanghê "to decalre" (by means of speech), from vac- "to speak, say;" cf. Skt. vakti "speaks, says," vacas- "word;" Gk. epos "word;" L. vox "voice;" PIE base *wek- "to speak") + -yi noun suffix.
Fr.: capture résonante
Capture by an atomic nucleus of a particle whose energy is equal to one of the energy levels of the nucleus.
Fr.: fréquence de résonance
The frequency at which a system is in → resonance.
Fr.: raie de résonance
For a particular atom, the spectral line corresponding to the longest wavelength arising from a transition between the ground state and an excited state.