Fr.: réacteur de recherche
A nuclear reactor designed for radionuclide production, materials testing, and training.
A scientist who devotes himself to doing research.
A grid of fine lines photographed onto or cut into a glass plate and used as a reference for astronomical observations.
From Fr. réseau, O.Fr. reseuil "little net," from raiz "net," from L. rete "net."
Rezo, loan from Fr., as above.
To dwell permanently or for a considerable time.
M.E., from M.Fr. resider and directly from L. residere "sit down, settle; remain behind, rest," from → re- "back, again" + sedere "to sit," cognate with Pers. nešastan "to sit down," as below.
Neštidan, from Baluci ništ-, Kurd. ništin, Gurani nîšt, Awromani ništay-, Gazi ništ, Shahmerzadi -ništ, Gilaki ništoen "to sit down," variant of Pers. nešastan "to sit down, settle down," nešim "nest," Mid.Pers. nišastan "to sit;" O.Pers. nišādayam [1 sg.impf.caus.act.] "to sit down, to establish," hadiš- "abode;" Av. nišasiiā [1 sg.subj.acr.] "I shall sit down," from nihad- "to sit down," from → ni- "down, below," + had- "to sit;" PIE base *sed- "to sit;" cf. Skt. sad- "to sit," sidati "sits;" Gk. hezomai "to sit," hedra "seat, chair;" L. sedere "to sit;" O.Ir. suide "seat, sitting;" Welsh sedd "seat;" Lith. sedmi "to sit;" Rus. sad "garden;" Goth. sitan, Ger. sitzen; E. sit.
1) neštgâh; 1,2) neštmân
1) The place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home.
Neštgâh, from nešt present stem of neštidan→ reside + -gâh a suffix of place and time. Neštmân with -mân a suffix of verbl nouns used with present and past stems, as in zâymân, câymân, sâxtemân, sâzmân, goftemân, râžmân.
A person who resides in a place.
→ reside + -ent, a suffix, equivalent to -ant froming nouns and adjectives.
Fr.: champ résiduel
The magnetic field left in an iron core after excitation has been removed.
Something that remains after a process involving the removal of part
of the original has been completed.
M.E., from O.Fr. residu, from L. residuum "a remainder," neuter of residuus "remaining, left over," from residere "to remain behind."
Mândé p.p. of mândan "to remain, stay" (mân "house, home;" Mid.Pers. mândan "to remain, stay;" O.Pers. mān- "to remain, dwell;" Av. man- "to remain, dwell; to wait;" Gk. menein "to remain;" L. manere "to stay, abide" (Fr. maison, ménage; E. manor, mansion, permanent); PIE base *men- "to remain, wait for").
Fr.: théorème des résidus
The theorem stating that the value of the line integral of a complex function, taken along a simple closed curve encircling a finite number of isolated singularities, is given by 2πi times the sum of the residues of the function at each of the singularities.
To give up an office or position, often formally.
M.E. resignen "give up, surrender, abandon; relinquish," from O.Fr. resigner "renounce, relinquish," from L. resignare "to check off, cancel, give back, give up," from → re- "opposite" + signare "to make an entry in an account book," literally "to mark;" → sign.
The act of resigning.
Verbal noun from → resign.
baristâdan (#), istâdegi kardan (#)
To withstand the action or effect of; to strive against, or oppose.
M.E. resisten, O.Fr. resister, from L. resistere "to resist, to stand back, withstand," from → re- "against" + sistere "take a stand, stand firm," cognate with Pers. istâdan, as below.
Baristâdan "to withstand, to stand in opposition," from bar-
opposition prefix, → object, + istâdan "to stand,"
baristgari, istâdegi (#)
1) General: The act or power of resisting, opposing, or withstanding.
From → resist + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.
1) Characterized by or showing resistance.
Present participle of → resist, with -ant a suffix forming adjectives and nouns from verbs.
Capable of or inclined to resistance; resisting.
A property of a → conductor which is defined as the ratio of the → electric intensity (E) to the → current density (J): ρ = E/J. The greater the resistivity, the greater the intensity needed to establish a given current density, or the smaller the current density for a given intensity. A "perfect" conductor would have zero resistivity, and a "perfect" → insulator an infinite resistivity.
An electrical component used to introduce a known value of resistance into a circuit.
1) The degree to which an → optical system renders visible
separate parts of an object. Also known as → angular resolution and
→ spatial resolution. See also
→ spectral resolution.
Verbal noun of → resolve.
resolution of a force
Fr.: résolution de force
Vâgošudan, from prefix vâ-, → re-, + gošudan, gošâdan "to loose, open up, let free;" gošâd "opened; ample, broad;" Mid.Pers. wišâdan "to let free;" Khotanese hīyā "bound;" O.Pers. višta "untied, loosened," vištāspa- "with loosened horses" (personal name); Av. višta "untied," ā-hišāiiā "holds fettered," hita- "fastened, tied on, put to;" cf. Skt. sā- "to bind, fasten, fetter," sitá- "bound," ví-sita- "untied."