An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 736
vâzaneš (#)

Fr.: répulsion   

Physics: The force that acts between bodies of like electric charge or magnetic polarity, tending to separate them.

Verbal noun of → repulse.

vâzanadé (#)

Fr.: répulsif   

Capable of causing → repulsion.
repulsive force, → repulsive gravity.

repulsive; → -ive.

repulsive force
  نیروی ِ وازننده   
niru-ye vâzanandé

Fr.: force répulsive   

The force by which bodies repel one another. → repulsion.

Repulsive, adj. of → repulse; → force.

repulsive gravity
  گرانی ِ وازننده   
gerâni-ye vâzanadé

Fr.: gravité répulsive   

In → general relativity, the gravity resulting from a → negative pressure. See also → cosmological constant.

repulsive; → gravity.

  ۱) پژوهش؛ ۲) پژوهیدن   
1) pažuheš (#); 2) pažuhidan (#)

Fr.: 1) recherche; 2) rechercher   

1) (n.) A systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or establish or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.
2) (v.) To carry out research into a subject.

From M.Fr. recerche, from O.Fr. recercher "to seek out, search closely," from → re-, intensive prefix, + cercher "to seek for," from L. circare "to go about, wander, traverse," from circuscircle.

Pažuheš, verbal noun of pažuhidan "to search;" Mid.Pers. wizôy- "to examine, investigate;" ultimately from Proto-Iranian *pati-iud-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of (cf. O.Pers. paity; Av. paiti; Skt. práti; Pali pati-; Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to, near;" PIE base *proti) + *iud- "to struggle for something, to fight (Av. yūδ- "to fight, struggle;" Mod.Pers. justan, juy- "to search, seek, ask for"); cf. Mid.Pers. vijuyihitan "to search, seek."

research and development
  پژوهش و گوالش   
pažuheš o govâleš

Fr.: recherche et développement   

Systematic activity combining both basic and applied research, and aimed at discovering solutions to problems or creating new goods and knowledge. (

research; → development.

research director
  راشتار ِ پژوهش   
râštâr-e pažuheš

Fr.: directeur de recherche   

A person who has the quality of guiding, regulating, or controlling the work of other researchers.

research; → director.

research reactor
  واژیرگر ِ پژوهشی   
vâžirgar-e pažuheši

Fr.: réacteur de recherche   

A nuclear reactor designed for radionuclide production, materials testing, and training.

research; → reactor.

pažuhešgar (#)

Fr.: chercheur   

A scientist who devotes himself to doing research.

Agent noun, from → research + → -or.


Fr.: réseau   

A grid of fine lines photographed onto or cut into a glass plate and used as a reference for astronomical observations.

From Fr. réseau, O.Fr. reseuil "little net," from raiz "net," from L. rete "net."

Rezo, loan from Fr., as above.


Fr.: résider   

To dwell permanently or for a considerable time.

M.E., from M.Fr. resider and directly from L. residere "sit down, settle; remain behind, rest," from → re- "back, again" + sedere "to sit," cognate with Pers. nešastan "to sit down," as below.

Neštidan, from Baluci ništ-, Kurd. ništin, Gurani nîšt, Awromani ništay-, Gazi ništ, Shahmerzadi -ništ, Gilaki ništoen "to sit down," variant of Pers. nešastan "to sit down, settle down," nešim "nest," Mid.Pers. nišastan "to sit;" O.Pers. nišādayam [1 sg.impf.caus.act.] "to sit down, to establish," hadiš- "abode;" Av. nišasiiā [1 sg.subj.acr.] "I shall sit down," from nihad- "to sit down," from → ni- "down, below," + had- "to sit;" PIE base *sed- "to sit;" cf. Skt. sad- "to sit," sidati "sits;" Gk. hezomai "to sit," hedra "seat, chair;" L. sedere "to sit;" O.Ir. suide "seat, sitting;" Welsh sedd "seat;" Lith. sedmi "to sit;" Rus. sad "garden;" Goth. sitan, Ger. sitzen; E. sit.

  ۱) نشتگاه؛ ۱،۲) نشتمان   
1) neštgâh; 1,2) neštmân

Fr.: résidence   

1) The place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home.
2) The act or fact of residing (

reside; → -ence.

Neštgâh, from nešt present stem of neštidanreside + -gâh a suffix of place and time. Neštmân with -mân a suffix of verbl nouns used with present and past stems, as in zâymân, câymân, sâxtemân, sâzmân, goftemân, râžmân.

  نشتنده، نشتگر   
neštandé, neštgar

Fr.: résident   

A person who resides in a place.

reside + -ent, a suffix, equivalent to -ant froming nouns and adjectives.

residual field
  میدان ِ مانده   
meydân-e mândé

Fr.: champ résiduel   

The magnetic field left in an iron core after excitation has been removed.

residue + → -al; → field.

mândé (#)

Fr.: résidu   

General: Something that remains after a process involving the removal of part of the original has been completed.
Math.: If f(z) is a complex function, its residue at an isolated singularity z0 is defined by the integral (1/2πi) ∫f(z)dz taken along a simple closed curve interior to an annulus about z0.

M.E., from O.Fr. residu, from L. residuum "a remainder," neuter of residuus "remaining, left over," from residere "to remain behind."

Mândé p.p. of mândan "to remain, stay" (mân "house, home;" Mid.Pers. mândan "to remain, stay;" O.Pers. mān- "to remain, dwell;" Av. man- "to remain, dwell; to wait;" Gk. menein "to remain;" L. manere "to stay, abide" (Fr. maison, ménage; E. manor, mansion, permanent); PIE base *men- "to remain, wait for").

residue theorem
  فربین ِ مانده‌ها   
farbin-e mândehâ

Fr.: théorème des résidus   

The theorem stating that the value of the line integral of a complex function, taken along a simple closed curve encircling a finite number of isolated singularities, is given by 2πi times the sum of the residues of the function at each of the singularities.

residue; → theorem.


Fr.: démisionner   

To give up an office or position, often formally.

M.E. resignen "give up, surrender, abandon; relinquish," from O.Fr. resigner "renounce, relinquish," from L. resignare "to check off, cancel, give back, give up," from → re- "opposite" + signare "to make an entry in an account book," literally "to mark;" → sign.

Vâgâmidan, literally "to step back," from vâ-re- + gâmidan "to step, go, → walk."


Fr.: démision   

The act of resigning.

Verbal noun from → resign.

  بر‌ایستادن، ایستادگی کردن   
baristâdan (#), istâdegi kardan (#)

Fr.: résister   

To withstand the action or effect of; to strive against, or oppose.

M.E. resisten, O.Fr. resister, from L. resistere "to resist, to stand back, withstand," from → re- "against" + sistere "take a stand, stand firm," cognate with Pers. istâdan, as below.

Baristâdan "to withstand, to stand in opposition," from bar- opposition prefix, → object, + istâdan "to stand," → solstice.
Istâdegi kardan, composite verb, from istâdegi "resistance," state noun from istâdan, + kardan "to do, to make," → -or.

  بر‌ایستگری، ایستادگی   
baristgari, istâdegi (#)

Fr.: résistance   

1) General: The act or power of resisting, opposing, or withstanding.
2) Electricity: A property of a conductor by virtue of which the passage of current is opposed, causing electric energy to be transformed into heat. It is the quantity that determines the current that results due to a voltage in a simple circuit. For a fixed voltage, if the resistance increases, the current decreases. It is given by the equation R = ΔV/I, where ΔV is the voltage difference and I the current. Resistance has the SI units volts per ampere, called → ohm.

From → resist + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.

Baristgari, from baristgar, → resistant.
Istâdegi "resistance," state noun from istâdé "stood," p.p. of istâdan "to stand," → resist.

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