An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 166

Fr.: ondulation   

A wave; the motion of waves.
A wavelike motion in any medium.

From L.L. undulatus "wavy, undulated," from undula "wavelet," diminutive of L. unda "wave."

Mowješ, verbal noun of mowjidan "to undulate," from mowjwave.

yek- (#)

Fr.: uni-   

A prefix with the meaning of "one" occurring in loanwords from L., such as → uniform, → uniaxial, → universe, etc.

From uni- a combining form meaning "one," from L. uni-, from unus, → one;

Yek-, from yek, → one.

uniaxial crystal
  بلور ِ یک‌آسه   
bolur-e yek-âsé

Fr.: cristal uniaxe   

Crystal with double refraction possessing only one → optic axis.

uni-; axial adj. from → axis; → crystal.


Fr.: non identifié   

The attribute of someone or something whose identity is not established. → unidentified flying object; → unidentified line.

un-; → identify.

unidentified flying object (UFO)
  بر‌آخت ِ پرنده‌ی ِ نا-ایدانیده، پدیده‌ی ِ هوا-فضایی ِ نا-ایدانیده   
barâxt-e parande-ye nâ-idânidé, padide-ye havâ-fazâyi-ye nâ-idânidé

Fr.: Objet Volant Non Identifié (OVNI)   

Any flying object or phenomenon that cannot be identified by the observer.

unidentified; fly; M.E. flien; O.E. fleogan (cf. O.H.G. fliogan, O.N. flügja, M.Du. vlieghen, Ger. fliegen); → object.

Unidentified Infrared Band (UIB)
  باند ِ فروسرخ ِ نا-ایدانیده   
bând-e forusorx-e nâ-idânidé

Fr.: bande infrarouge non identifiée   

A no longer in general use name for → Aromatic Infrared Band.

unidentified; → infrared; → band.

unidentified line
  خط ِ نا-ایدانیده   
xatt-e nâ-idânidé

Fr.: raie non identifiée   

A spectral line whose origin is not clearly established. → line identification.

unidentified; → line.


Fr.: unification   

1) The process of unifying or uniting; union.
2) The state or condition of being unified (

Verbal noun of → unify.

  یکدیس، یکنواخت   
yekdis, yeknavâxt

Fr.: uniforme   

Without variations; identical, always the same in quality, degree, character, or manner.

uni- + → form.

Yekdis, from yek, → uni-, + dis, → form; yeknavâxt, literally "with one rhythm," from yek, → one, + navâxt "rhythm," from navâxtan, navâzidan "to play an instrument; to gratify," navâ "music, song, melody" (Mid.Pers. nw'c "to treat kindly, honour," niwag "music, melody;" Proto-Iranian *ni-uac-, from ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + *uac- "to speak, treat kindly").

uniform circular motion
  جنبش ِ دایره‌ای ِ یکدیس، ~ ~ یکنواخت   
jonbeš-e dâyereyi-ye yekdis, ~ ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: mouvement circulaire uniforme   

The motion of an object around a fixed point at a constant angular speed, and at constant radius.

uniform; → circular; → motion.

uniform field
  میدان ِ یکدیس، ~ ِ یکنواخت   
meydân-e yekdis, ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: champ uniforme   

A field that at a given instant has the same value at all points within a specified region of interest.

uniform; field.

uniform magnetic field
  میدان ِ مغناتیسی ِ یکدیس   
meydân-e meqnâtisi-ye yekdis

Fr.: champ magnétique uniforme   

A → magnetic field whose direction does not change and whose strength is constant at every point.

uniform; → magnetic; → field.

uniform motion
  جنبش ِ یکدیس، ~ ِ یکنواخت   
jonbeš-e yekdis, ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: mouvement uniforme   

Motion at a constant → velocity. The state of rest is a special case of uniform motion. → accelerated motion; → inertial motion.

uniform; motion.


Fr.: uniformitaire   

1) Of, characterized by, or conforming to → uniformity.
2) Of or relating to → uniformitarianism.

uniformity + -arian.


Fr.: uniformitarisme   

The doctrine whereby geologic processes (→ erosion, → deposition, → compaction, and → uplift) observed at Earth's surface now are the same that have shaped Earth's landscape over long periods of time in the past. The term uniformitarianism was first used in 1832 by William Whewell, to present an alternative explanation for the origin of the Earth. The prevailing view at that time was that the Earth was created through supernatural means and had been affected by a series of catastrophic events such as the biblical Flood. This theory is called → catastrophism. The ideas behind uniformitarianism originated with the work of Scottish geologist James Hutton. In 1785, Hutton presented at the meetings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh that the Earth had a long history and that this history could be interpreted in terms of processes currently observed. For example, he suggested that deep soil profiles were formed by the weathering of bedrock over thousands of years. He also suggested that supernatural theories were not needed to explain the geologic history of the Earth (

uniformitarian; → -ism.

  یکدیسواری، یکدیسیگی   
yekdisvâri, yekdisigi

Fr.: uniformité   

The state or quality of being uniform.

uniform; → -ity.

  یگانستن، یگانیدن   
yegânestan (#), yegânidan (#)

Fr.: unifier   

To make or become a single unit or entity. → grand unified theory

M.Fr. unifier, from L.L. unificare "to make one," from L. uni-, → one, + facere "to make" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cognate with Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").

Yegânestan, yegânidan "to make one," infinitive from yek, → one.


Fr.: union   

General: The act of uniting two or more things.
A number of persons, organizations, states, etc., joined or associated together for some common purpose, e.g. → International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Math.: A set containing all the elements of two or more sets being combined. It is represented by ∪.

M.E. from O.Fr. union from L.L. unionem (nominative unio) "oneness, unity," from unus, → one, cognate with Pers. yek, as below.

Yekâyeš, from yek, → one, + -ây- epenthetic vowel, + -eš verbal noun suffix, → -tion.

yektâ (#)

Fr.: unique   

Existing as the only one or as the sole example.
Limited to a single outcome or result. → uniqueness theorem.

From Fr. unique, from L. unicus "single, sole," from unus, → one.

Yektâ "unique," from yek, → one, + "fold, plait, ply; piece, part" (Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part").

yektâyi (#)

Fr.: unicité   

The state or condition of being → unique.

Noun from → unique.

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