An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 172
universal quantifier
  چندیگر ِ هروین   
candigar-e harvin

Fr.: quantificateur universel   

A symbol of → predicate logic which expresses that the statements within its scope are → true for everything, or every instance of a specific thing. The symbol ∀ "for all" is used as the universal quantifier. Universal quantifiers are normally used in logic in conjunction with predicate symbols, which say something about a variable or constant, in this case the variable being quantified.

universal; → quantifier.

Universal Time (UT)
  زمان ِ جهانی   
zamân-e jahâni

Fr.: temps universel   

A measure of time that conforms, within a close approximation, to the mean diurnal motion of the Sun and serves as the basis off all civil timekeeping. The local civil time for a position on the Greenwich meridian.

universal; → time.

Universal Time Coordinated
  زمان ِ جهانی ِ همرایانیده   
zamân-e jahâni-ye hamrâyânidé

Fr.: temps universel coordonné   

Sale as → Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

universality
  هرگانیگی   
hargânigi

Fr.: universalité   

The character or state of being universal.

universal; → -ity.

universality of free fall
  هرگانیگی ِ افت ِ آزاد   
hargânigi-ye oft-e âzâd

Fr.: universlité de chute libre   

Same as → weak equivalence principle.

universality; → free; → fall.

universality of the IMF
  هرگانی ِ کریای ِ آغازین ِ جرم   
hargâni-ye karyâ-ye âqâzin-e jerm

Fr.: universalité de l'IMF   

The hypothesis whereby there exists a universal parent → distribution function which describes the stellar → initial mass function in individual star forming events. A consensus appears to have emerged in the community that the stellar IMF is largely invariant for star formation conditions as are found throughout the Local Group of galaxies at the present time. For details and discussion see Pavel Kroupa (2012), Recent advances on IMF research, arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/1210.1211, and references therein.

universality; → initial mass function.

universe
  ۱) گیتی؛ ۲) هرگان   
1) giti (#); 2) hargân

Fr.: univers   

1) The totality of all matter and energy that exists in the vastness of cosmos whether known to human beings or not. Related concepts: → world, → cosmos, → multiverse.
2a) Math.: A → set made of → subsets that contains all the elements relevant to a particular discussion or problem.
2b) Statistics: The entire population under study.
See also: → all, → general, → omni-, → public, → total.

M.E., from O.Fr. univers, from L. universum "the universe," noun use of neuter of adj. universus "all together," literally "turned into one," from unus, → one, + versus, p.p. of vertere "to turn," akin to Pers. gar-, gardidan "to turn, to change" (Mid.Pers. vartitan; Av. varət- "to turn, revolve;" cf. Skt. vrt- "to turn, roll," vartate "it turns round, rolls;" L. vertere "to turn;" O.H.G. werden "to become;" PIE base *wer- "to turn, bend").

1) Giti "world, material world, time," variants jahân, keyhân, geyhân "world;" Mid.Pers. gêhân "world," gêtig "the material world; wordly;" Av. gaēθā- "being, world, matter, mankind," gaya- "life, manner of living", root gay- "to live" (present tense jiva-), O.Pers. gaiθā- "live-stock," cognate with Skt. jīv- "to live," jīva- "alive, living;" Gk. bios "life," L. vivus "living, alive," vita "life;" PIE base *gwei- "to live" (cf. O.E. cwic "alive;" O.C.S. zivo "to live;" Lith. gyvas "living, alive;" O.Ir. bethu "life," bith "age;" Welsh byd "world"). The Pers. words zistan "to live," zendé "alive," zendegi "life," and jân "vital spirit, soul; mind" belong to this family.
2) Hargân, from har "every, all, each," → holo-, + -gân suffix forming plural entities, from Mid.Pers. -gânag, -gâna, on the model of hamegân, → public.

university
  دانشگاه   
dânešgâh (#)

Fr.: université   

An institution of higher education composed of several faculties for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.

M.E., from O.Fr. universitei, from M.L. universitatem (nominative. universitas), in L.L. "corporation, society," from L., "the whole, aggregate," from universus "whole, entire," → universe.

Dânešgâh, from dâneš, → science, + -gâh "place; time" (Mid.Pers. gâh, gâs "time;" O.Pers. gāθu-; Av. gātav-, gātu- "place, throne, spot;" cf. Skt. gâtu- "going, motion; free space for moving; place of abode;" PIE *gwem- "to go, come").

univocal
  یکواز   
yekvâz

Fr.: univoque   

1) Having one meaning only.
2) A word or term that has only one meaning

L.L. univocus, from L. → uni- + voc-, vox, → voice. "voice,"

univocity
  یکوازی   
yekvâzi

Fr.: monosémie   

The character of being → univocal. Same as → monosemy.

univocal; → ity.

unknown
  نادانست   
nâdânest

Fr.: inconnu   

Math.: A → variable or → function whose → value is to be found.

un-, + known, p.p. of → know.

unordinary
  ناشونیک   
nâšunik

Fr.: non ordinaire   

Uncommon, unusual. → extraordinary.

un-; → ordinary.

unpolarized light
  نور ِ ناقطبیده   
nur-e nâqotbidé (#)

Fr.: lumière non polarisée   

A light whose electric vector of vibration is randomly oriented. Light is an → electromagnetic wave possessing an electric vector and an associated orthogonal magnetic vector. Both vectors are → transverse to the axis of propagation. In unpolarized light the electric and magnetic vibrations occur in all possible planes. Ordinary light emitted by the Sun, by a living room lamp, or by a candle flame is unpolarized light. → polarization.

un-; → polarized light.

unqualified
  ناچونیمند   
nâcunimand

Fr.: non qualifié   

Not qualified; not fit; lacking requisite qualifications (Dictionary.com).

un-; → qualified.

unreddened star
  ستاره‌ی ِ ناسرخیده   
setâre-ye nâsorxidé

Fr.: étoile non rougie   

A star whose light is not affected by→ interstellar absorption. → reddening

un-; → reddened star.

unresolved
  ناواگشوده   
nâvâgošudé

Fr.: non résolu   

Describing an image whose constituent or elementary parts are not resolved. → unresolved source.

un- + → resolved.

unresolved source
  خن ِ ناواگشوده   
xan-e nâvâgošudé

Fr.: source non résolue   

A source of radiation whose angular size is too small for details of its structure to be revealed.

unresolved; → source.

unsharp image
  تصویر ِ ناتیگ   
tasvir-e nâtig

Fr.: image floue   

An image in which finer details are not visible. → blurred image

un-; → sharp image.

unsharp masking
  ماسک‌زد ِ ناتیگ   
mâskzad-e nâtig

Fr.: masque floue   

A process for amplifying fine details in a registered image. Generally speaking, the process consists of creating a mask which contains larger scale features of the image and then subtracting the mask from the initial image.

un-; → sharp; → masking.

unstable
  ناپایدار   
nâpâydâr (#)

Fr.: instable   

Not → stable, as in → unstable atom, → unstable equilibrium.

un-; → stable.

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