An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 222
visual
  دیدی، دیدگانی، دیداری   
didi (#), didgâni (#), didâri (#)

Fr.: visuel   

1) Of or pertaining to seeing or sight.
2) → optical.

M.E., from L.L. visualis "of sight," from L. visus "sight," from visus, .pp. of videre "to see;" cognate with Pers. bin, present stem of didan "to see" (Mid.Pers. wyn-; O.Pers. vain- "to see;" Av. vaēn- "to see;" cf. Skt. veda "I know;" Gk. oida "I know," idein "to see;" PIE base *weid- "to know, to see").

Didi, of or pertaining to did, from didan "to see" (Mid.Pers. ditan "to see, regard, catch sight of, contemplate, experience;" O.Pers. dī- "to see;" Av. dā(y)- "to see," didāti "sees;" cf. Skt. dhī- "to perceive, think, ponder; thought, reflection, meditation," dādhye; Gk. dedorka "have seen"); didgâni, adj. of didgân, plural of didé, did "sight, eye; seen;" didâri, from didâr, from didan.

visual acuity
  تیزنایی ِ دید   
tiznâyi-ye did

Fr.: acuité visuelle   

Same as → acuity of vision.

visual; → acuity.

visual binary
  درین ِ دیدگانی   
dorin-e didgâni

Fr.: binaire visuelle   

A → binary system of stars whose components can be resolved telescopically and which have detectable orbital motion.

visual; → binary.

visual extinction
  خاموشی ِ دیدگانی   
xâmuši-ye didgâni

Fr.: extinction visuelle   

The → extinction in the visual range of the electromagnetic radiation.

visual; → extinction

visual magnitude
  برز ِ دیدگانی   
borz-e didgâni

Fr.: magnitude visuelle   

The → apparent magnitude of a celestial body in the color sensitivity region of the human eye at a wavelength of 5600 Å. Visual magnitude is now essentially synonymous with V magnitude, which is determined photometrically.

visual; → magnitude.

visualization
  چشم‌دید   
cašm-did

Fr.: visualisation   

1) The act of visualizing (→ visualize).
2) The presentation of → information on a → screen.

Verbal noun of → visualize.

Cašm-did, Mid.Pers. cašm-did "visible," Mod.Pers. cašm-didâr by Tusi, in Pers. translation of Sufi's "Book of Fixed Stars," from cašm "eye" (Mid.Pers. cašm, Av. cašman- "eye," ākas- "to look," from prefix ā- + Proto-Iranian *kas- "to look, appear," cf. Skt. cáksus- "seeing") + did past stem of didan "to see" (Mid.Pers. ditan "to see, regard, catch sight of, contemplate, experience;" O.Pers. dī- "to see;" Av. dā(y)- "to see," didāti "sees;" cf. Skt. dhī- "to perceive, think, ponder; thought, reflection, meditation," dādhye; Gk. dedorka "have seen").

visualize
  چشم‌دید کردن   
cašm-did kardan

Fr.: visualiser   

1) To make → visual or → visible.
2) To present → image or → information on a → screen, usually a → computer  → display.

From → visual + → -ize; → visualization.

viticulture
  موکاری   
mowkâri (#)

Fr.: viticulture   

The science, production, and study of → grapes.

From L. viti(s) "vine" + → culture.

Mowkâri, from mowvine + kâri noun from kâštan "to cultivate," → culture.

VLT Interferometer (VLTI)
  اندرزنش‌سنج ِ VLT   
andarzanešsanj-e VLT

Fr.: interféromètre VLTI   

An interferometer using a combination of the four 8.2 m VLT telescopes with the assistance of one or more of the the four 1.8 m Auxiliary Telescopes in order to achieve a very high spatial resolution. The system works in the visible and near- and mid-infrared wavelengths.

Very Large Telescope (VLT); → interferometer.

vocabulary
  واژگان   
vâžgân (#)

Fr.: vocabulaire   

A set of words used by a → language, group, individual, or work, or in a field of → knowledge.

M.L. vocabularium "a list of words," from L. vocabulum "word, name, noun," from vocare "to name, call;" cognate with Pers. vâž, → word.

Vâžgân, from vâž, → word, + -gân suffix forming plural entities, from Mid.Pers. -gânag, -gâna, from Proto-Iranian *kāna-ka-.

vocal cord
  تار ِ آواز   
târ-e âvâz

Fr.: corde vocale   

The sharp edge of a fold of mucous membrane stretching along either wall of the larynx from the angle between the laminae of the thyroid cartilage to the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage. Vibrations of these cords are used in voice production (The American Heritage).

voice; → cord.

Vogt-Russell theorem
  فربین ِ فوکت-راسل   
farbin-e Vogt-Russell

Fr.: théorème de Russell-Vogt   

The internal structure and all observable characteristics of a star (such as luminosity and temperature) are determined uniquely by its mass, chemical composition, and age. Same as → Russell-Vogt theorem.

Named after the German astronomer Heinrich Vogt (1890-1968) and the American astronomer Henry Norris Russell (1877-1957); → theorem.

voice
  آواز   
âvâz (#)

Fr.: voix   

Sounds made when speaking or singing.

M.E., from O.Fr. voiz, from L. vox "voice, sound, utterance, cry, call, speech, sentence, word," related to vocare "to call;" akin to Pers. âvâz "voice," as below.

Âvaz "voice, sound, song," related to âvâ "voice, sound, song" (both prefixed forms), bâng "voice, sound, clamour" (Mid.Pers. vâng), vâžé "word," variants vâj-, vâk-, vâ-, vâz-, vât-; Av. vacah- "word," vaocanghê "to decalre" (by means of speech), from vac- "to speak, say;" cf. Skt. vakti "speaks, says," vacas- "word;" Gk. epos "word;" L. vox "voice;" PIE base *wek- "to speak."

void
  تهی   
tohi (#)

Fr.: vide   

1) An empty space; a gap or opening; emptiness. → vacuum.
2) A large region of cosmic space without galaxies. The first of these voids to be discovered lies in the direction of → Bootes and is some 300 million → light-years across. It is estimated that voids take up about 98% of the volume of the Universe, with clusters of galaxies concentrated in the thin walls that surround them.

M.E. voide, from O.Fr. voide "empty, vast, wide, hollow," from L. vocivus "unoccupied, vacant," related to vacuus "empty," → vacuum.

Tohi "empty" (variants in dialects Tabari tisâ, Saraxsi, Lâsgardi, Sangesari tusâ, Aftari tussâ); Mid.Pers. tuhig; Av. taoš- "to become empty," pres. tusa-, caus. taošaya-, tusən "they lose their posture;" cf. Skt. tuccha-, tucchya- "empty;" L. tesqua, tesca "deserted place;" Rus. tošcij "hollow;" PIE base *teus- "to empty."

Voigt effect
  اسکر ِ فوکت   
oskar-e Voigt

Fr.: effet Vogt   

Double refraction occurring when a strong → magnetic field is applied to a vapor through which light is passing perpendicular to the field.

Named after Woldemar Voigt (1850-1919), a German physicist (1908, Magneto- und Elektro-optik, B. G. Teubner, Leipzig); → effect.

Voigt profile
  فراپال ِ فوکت   
farâpâl-e Voigt

Fr.: profil de Voigt   

A spectral profile in which a → spectral line is broadened by two types of mechanisms, one of which alone would produce a & rarr; Gaussian profile (usually, as a result of the → Doppler broadening), and the other would produce a → Lorentzian profile.

After Woldemar Voigt (1850-1919), a German physicist; → profile.

Volans
  ماهی ِ پرنده   
Mâhi-ye Parandé (#)

Fr.: Poisson volant   

The Flying Fish. A constellation in the southern hemisphere at 7h 40m right ascension, -70° declination. Originally called Piscis Volans, and invented by Johann Bayer (Uranometria, published in 1603). Abbreviation: Vol; Genitive: Volantis.

L. Volans "flying," from volare "to fly."

Mâhi-ye Parandé, from mâhi "fish" (Mid.Pers. mâhik; Av. masya-; cf. Skt. matsya-; Pali maccha-) + parandé "flying, flier," from paridan "to fly" (Mid./Mod.Pers. par(r) "feather, wing," Av. parəna- "feather, wing;" cp. Skt. parna "feather," E. fern; PIE *porno- "feather").

volatile
  پرا   
parrâ

Fr.: volatile   

A substance that vaporizes at relatively low temperatures (e.g. H2O, CO2, CO, CH4, NH3, and so forth). The opposite of volatile is → refractory.

M.E., from M.Fr. volatile, from L. volatilis "fleeting, transitory, flying," from p.p. stem of volare "to fly," of unknown origin.

Parrâ "flying," from paridan "to fly in the air," → Volans.

volatile element
  بن‌پار ِ پرا   
bonpâr-e parrâ

Fr.: élément volatile   

In → planetary science, any of a group of → chemical elements and → chemical compounds with relatively low → boiling points that are associated with a planet's or moon's → crust and/or → atmosphere. For example, H, He, C, N, O are underabundant (relative to the solar → photospheric values) in all types of → meteorites, including the C1 → carbonaceous chondrites. Any heating of the meteorite parent body subsequent to its formation would tend to drive the volatile elements out of the rock, whence it sublimated into → interplanetary medium.

volatile; → element.

volcanic
  آتشفشانی   
âtašfešâni (#)

Fr.: volcanique   

Of or relating to a volcano. Characterized by volcanoes.

volcano; → -ic.

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