chi-square distribution vâbâžeš-e Xi-do Fr.: loi du chi-deux A probability density function, denoted χ^{2}, that gives the distribution of the sum of squares of k independent random variables, each being drawn from the normal distribution with zero mean and unit variance. The integer k is the number of degrees of freedom. The distribution has a positive skew; the skew is less with more degrees of freedom. As degrees of freedom increase, the chi-square distribution approaches a normal distribution. The most common application is chi-square tests for goodness of fit of an observed distribution to a theoretical one. If χ^{2} = 0 the agreement is perfect. Chi Gk. letter of alphabet; → square; → distribution. Vâbâžeš, → distribution; do, → two. |