A metallic → chemical element;
symbol Ag (L. argentum). → Atomic number
47; → atomic weight 107.8682;
→ melting point 961.93°C;
→ boiling point 2,212°C;
→ specific gravity 10.5 at 20°C. Pure silver is
nearly white, lustrous, soft, very ductile, malleable, and an excellent
conductor of heat and electricity.
M.E. silver(e), selver(e), selfer;
O.E. seolfor "silver;" cf. O.S. silvbar, O.N. silfr,
M.Du. silver, Du. zilver, O.H.G. sillabar, Ger. silber,
Goth. silubr, akin to Serbo-Croatian srebro,
Rus. serebo, Lith. sidabras "silver."
Noqré from Sogdian nâkartak "uncoined (silver)," literally "undone," from nâ- negation prefix "not, no" (Mid.Pers. ne, O.Pers. naiy, Av. na-, (particle of negation noit), Skt. na-, (ned), Gk. né- "not," L. ne-, in-, un-, PIE *ne-) + kartak "done," p.p. of kardan "to do, to make;" kâr "work," variant kar (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make"), Sogdian nâktênê "of silver." Note that another word in Pers. for silver is sim, which has a semantic form comparable to that of noqré, since it derives from Mid.Pers. asêm, from Gk. asemon "without mark, uncoined, shapeless, formless," from argurion asemon "uncoined money."