Rigel (β Ori)
The brightest star in the constellation → Orion (visual magnitude 0.18). A → blue supergiant of type B8 Iab with an initial mass of 17 solar masses, Rigel is 773 light-years away, and actually shines with the light of 40,000 Suns. It is accompanied by a fairly bright, seventh magnitude companion nine seconds of arc apart. The companion is itself double, the components much fainter and much less massive → main sequence stars of type B.
Rigel "foot," short for Ar. rijl al-jauza' (
Rejl, from Ar., as above.
Fr.: Rigil Kentaurus
Same as the star → Alpha Centauri.
From Ar. Rijl al-Qanturis "foot of Centaurus," from rijl "foot," + Qanturis Arabicized → Centaurus.
Pâ-ye Kantawros, "foot of Centaurus," from pâ, → foot, + Kentawros, → Centaurus.