A type of → achondrite meteorite composed mostly of the magnesium silicate mineral → enstatite (Mg2Si2O6). The group is named for the small Aubres → meteorite that fell near Nyons, France, on Sep. 14, 1836. Outside Antarctica only about 10 aubrites are known, mostly the result of witnessed falls. Aubrites make up only 0.14% of all known meteorites in our terrestrial meteorite collection.
From Fr. Aubres, a commune in the Drôme department in southeastern France; + → -ite.