general secretary harvin dabir Fr.: secrétaire général |
generalization harvinkard, harvineš Fr.: généralisation The act or process of generalizing; → generalize. Verbal noun of → generalize. |
generalize harvin kardan, harvinidan Fr.: généraliser To make general, to include under a general term; to reduce to a general form. |
generalized harvinidé Fr.: généralisé Made general. → generalized coordinates; → generalized velocities. P.p. of → generalize |
generalized coordinates hamârâhâ-ye harvinidé Fr.: coordonnées généralisées In a material system, the independent parameters which completely specify the configuration of the system, i.e. the position of its particles with respect to the frame of reference. Usually each coordinate is designated by the letter q with a numerical subscript. A set of generalized coordinates would be written as q_{1}, q_{2}, ..., q_{n}. Thus a particle moving in a plane may be described by two coordinates q_{1}, q_{2}, which may in special cases be the → Cartesian coordinates x, y, or the → polar coordinates r, θ, or any other suitable pair of coordinates. A particle moving in a space is located by three coordinates, which may be Cartesian coordinates x, y, z, or → spherical coordinates r, θ, φ, or in general q_{1}, q_{2}, q_{3}. The generalized coordinates are normally a "minimal set" of coordinates. For example, in Cartesian coordinates the simple pendulum requires two coordinates (x and y), but in polar coordinates only one coordinate (θ) is required. So θ is the appropriate generalized coordinate for the pendulum problem. → generalized; → coordinate. |
generalized forces niruhâ-ye harvinidé Fr.: forces généralisées In → Lagrangian dynamics, forces related to → generalized coordinates. For any system with n generalized coordinates q_{i} (i = 1, ..., n), generalized forces are expressed by F_{i} = ∂L/∂q_{i}, where L is the → Lagrangian function. → generalized; → force. |
generalized momenta jonbâkhâ-ye harvinidé Fr.: quantité de mouvement généralisée In → Lagrangian dynamics, momenta related to → generalized coordinates. For any system with n generalized coordinates q_{i} (i = 1, ..., n), generalized momenta are expressed by p_{i} = ∂L/∂q^{.}_{i}, where L is the → Lagrangian function. → generalized; → momentum. |
generalized velocities tondâhâ-ye harvinidé Fr.: vitesses généralisées The time → derivatives of the → generalized coordinates of a system. → generalized; → velocity. |
generate âzânidan Fr.: générer To bring into existence; create; produce. Generate, from M.E., from L. generatus "produce," p.p. of generare "to bring forth," from gener-, genus "descent, birth," akin to Pers. zâdan, Av. zan- "to give birth," as explained below. Âzânidan, from â- nuance/strengthening prefix + zân, from Av. zan- "to bear, give birth to a child, be born," infinitive zazāite, zāta- "born;" Mod.Pers. zâdan, present stem zā- "to bring forth, give birth" (Mid.Pers. zâtan; cf. Skt. jan- "to produce, create; to be born," janati "begets, bears;" Gk. gignomai "to happen, become, be born;" L. gignere "to beget;" PIE base *gen- "to give birth, beget") + -idan infinitive suffix. |
generation âzâneš Fr.: génération 1) A coming into being. Verbal noun of → generate. |
generative âzânandé, âzâneši Fr.: génératif 1) Capable of producing or creating. |
generator âzângar Fr.: générateur 1) A machine for converting one form of energy into another. From L. generator "producer," from genera(re)→ generate + -tor a suffix forming personal agent nouns from verbs and, less commonly, from nouns. Âzângar, from âzân the stem of âzânidan→ generate + -gar suffix of agent nouns, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kərənaoiti "makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base k^{w}er- "to do, to make"). |
genetic ženetik (#), ženetiki (#) Fr.: génétique |
genetics ženetik (#) Fr.: génétique The study of heredity and inheritance, of the transmission of traits from one individual to another, of how genes are transmitted from generation to generation. |
heterogeneity degargeni Fr.: hétérogénéité The quality or state of being → heterogeneous. See also → homogeneity, → inhomogeneity. Noun from → heterogeneous. |
heterogeneous degargen Fr.: hétérogène 1) Composed of parts of different kinds; having widely dissimilar elements or constituents.
See also → homogeneous,
→ inhomogeneous. → hetero- + -genous, → homogeneous. |
homogeneity hamgeni (#) Fr.: homogénéité State or quality of having a uniform appearance or composition, being homogeneous → homogeneous + → -ity. |
homogeneous hamgen (#) Fr.: homogène 1) Of uniform composition or having a common property throughout. Homogeneous, from M.L. homogeneus, from Gk. homogenes "of the same kind," from homos "same," → homo-, + genos "race, kind," gonos "birth, offspring," from PIE base *gen-/*gon-/*gn- "to produce, beget, be born," cf. Av. zan- "to bear, give birth to a child, be born," infinitive zazāite, zāta- "born," zana- "race" (in sruuô.zana- "belonging to the race of the horned ones"), O.Pers. zana- "tribe" (in paru-zana- "consisting of many tribes"), Skt. janati "begets, bears," jana- "creature, human being, race, tribe, people;" L. genus "race, stock, kind," gignere "to beget." Hamgen "of the same kind, like each other; friend, partner," from ham-, → homo-, + gen "kind," O.Pers./Av. zana- "race; tribe," cognate with L. genus, as above). Alternatively, gen may be a variant of Mid./Mod.Pers. gôn/gun "kind, type; manner; color, skin color," from Av. gaona- "hair, hair color, color." |
homogeneous fluid šârre-ye hamgen (#) Fr.: fluide homogène A fluid with uniform properties throughout, but meteorologists sometimes designate as homogeneous a fluid with constant density. → homogeneous, → fluid. |
homogeneous linear differential equation hamugeš-e degarsâne-yi-ye xatti hamgen Fr.: équation différentielle linéaire homogène A → linear differential equation if the right-hand member is zero, Q(x) = 0, on interval I. → homogeneous; → linear; → differential; → equation. |