Fr.: étoile WN3/O3
A new type of → Wolf-Rayet stars found in the → Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). These stars have both strong → emission lines, as well as → He II lines and → Balmer lines in absorption and spectroscopically resemble a → WN3 and → O3V binary pair. However, they are visually too faint to be WN3+O3 V → binary systems. So far nine WN3/O3 types have been detected, making up ~ 6% of the population of LMC WRs. Their temperatures are estimated to be around 100,000 K, a bit hotter than the majority of → WN Wolf-Rayet stars (by around 10,000 K) although a few hotter WNs are known. The abundances are what you would expect for → CNO equilibrium. However, most anomalous are their → mass-loss rates which are more like that of an → O star than a WN star. While their evolutionary status is uncertain, their low mass-loss rates and → wind velocities suggest that they are not products of homogeneous evolution. It is possible instead that these stars represent an intermediate stage between O stars and WNs. Since WN3/O3 stars are unknown in the Milky Way, their formation would depend upon → metallicity (Neugent et al., 2017, arxiv:1704.05497).
Fr.: étoile WN4
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å about N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.
Fr.: étoile WN4.5
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å stronger than N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.
Fr.: étoile WN5
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å as strong as N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å as strong as N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å.
Fr.: étoile WN6
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å about N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å present, but weak.
Fr.: étoile WN7
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å stronger than N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å, N III weaker than He II 4686 Å, He I weak with → P Cygni profile.
Fr.: étoile WN8
A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å very stronger than N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å, N III about He II 4686 Å, and He I with → P Cygni profile.
Fr.: étoile WN9
Fr.: étoile Wolf-Rayet
A type of very luminous, very hot (as high as 50,000 K) stars whose spectrum is characterized by broad emission lines (mainly He I and He II), which are presumed to originate from material ejected from the star at very high (~ 2000 km s-1) velocities. The most massive → O stars (M > 25 → solar masses for → solar metallicity) become W-R stars around 2 and 3 million years after their birth, spending only some few hundreds of thousands of years (≤ 106 years) in this phase until they explode as → type Ib and → type Ic supernovae. The minimum stellar mass that an O star needs to reach the W-R phase and its duration is dependent on → metallicity. → WC Wolf-Rayet; → WNE Wolf-Rayet; → WNL Wolf-Rayet; → WO Wolf-Rayet. For a review see: P. A. Crowther, 2007, Annu. Rev. of Astron. Astrophys. 45, 177.
Named after the French astronomers Charles Wolf (1827-1918) and Georges Rayet (1839-1906), of the Paris Observatory. In 1867 they discovered three stars in the constellation Cygnus (now designated HD191765, HD192103, and HD192641), that displayed broad emission bands in their spectra; → star.
X-ray Dim Isolated Neutron Star (XDINS)
setâre-ye notroni bâ partowhâ-ye X-e nazâr
Fr.: étoile à neutron de faibles rayons X
A member of a class of isolated, radio-silent → pulsars with peculiar properties. They show a purely thermal spectrum at X-ray energies with no evidence for a high-energy, power-law component often detected in other → isolated neutron star classes. The X-ray luminosity is 1031 - 1032 erg s-1, fully consistent with surface blackbody emission with temperatures ~ 40-100 eV and (radiation) radii of a few kilometers, as derived from X-ray spectral fits. With the only exception of RX J1856.5-3754, broad absorption features have been found in all XDINSs. These features have energies ~ 300 - 700 eV, equivalent widths of ~ 50 - 150 eV and, as in the case of RX J0720.4-3125, may be variable.
zero age horizontal branch star (ZAHB)
setâre-ye šâxe-ye ofoqi bâ senn-e sefr
Fr.: étoile de la branche horizontale d'âge zéro
ZZ Ceti star
setâre-ye ZZ Ketus
Fr.: étoile de type ZZ Ceti
A member of a class of non-radially pulsating stas that change their brightnesses with periods from 30 seconds to 25 minutes and amplitudes from 0.001 to 0.2 mag in V. Their location on the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram identifies them as → white dwarf stars that have entered the → instability strip as they evolve along the white dwarf track.