âzmun-e Hârtman (#)
Fr.: test de Hartmann
A way of testing the quality of optical systems. In this method, incident rays from a point source are isolated by small holes in an opaque screen located close to the lens or mirror under test. Photographic plates are inserted into the beam within and beyond the focal region. The black dots on the exposed plates, which reveal differences of optical focus in the various zones of the lens or mirror, are analyzed to yield the objective's figure. → Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor.
Named after the German astronomer Johannes Hartmann (1865-1936), who developed the method. → test.