An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13 Search : add
add
  برداییدن، افزودن   
bardâyidan, afzudan

Fr.: ajouter   

1) To unite or so as to bring about an increase.
2) To increase a number by another number using addition, which leads to a → sum.

M.E. adden, from L. addere "add to, join," from → ad- "to" + -dere combining form meaning "to put, place," from dare "to give, grant," from PIE base *do- "to give" (cf. Av. and O.Pers. dâ- "to give, grant, yield," Av. dadâiti "he gives," Skt. dadâti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," L. do "I give").

Bardâyidan, from bar- "on; up; upon; in, into; at; forth," → on-, + O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, put," dadāiti "he gives;" Mid.Pers./Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give, put" (cf. Skt. dadáti "he gives;" Gk. tithenai "to place, put, set," didomi "I give;" L. dare "to give, offer;" Rus. delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do;" PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do") + -y-, epenthetic vowel, + infinitive suffix -idan.
Afzudan, → increase.

addend
  بردایه   
bardâyé

Fr.: quantité ajoutée   

A number or quantity to be added to another. In the expression 5 + 3, both 5 and 3 are addends.

From L. addendus "that which is to be added," → add.

Bardâyé, from present stem bardây-, → add, + noun forming suffix .

addition
  بردایش   
bardâyeš

Fr.: addition   

The operation of combining two or more quantities to obtain a third quantity called their → sum. The result of adding.

Verbal noun of → add.

addition sign
  نشان ِ بردایش   
nešân-e bardâyeš

Fr.: signe d'addition   

The → plus sign +. It is believed to be a shortened form of the letters e and t in the L. word et, which, in early German manuscripts was the term for addition. The signs + and - were first used by Johann Wiedmann in 1489.

addition; → sign.

additive
  ۱) بردایشی؛ ۲) بردایه   
1) bardâyeši; 2) bardâyé

Fr.: additif   

1) Involving → addition.
2) Something added to a substance to alter or improve it.

From L. additivus "added, annexed," from p.p. stem of addere, → add; → -ive.

1) Related to bardâyeš, → addition; 2) from bardây- prsent stem of bardâyidan, → add, + nuance suffix.

additive color
  رنگ ِ بردایشی   
rang-e bardâyeši

Fr.: synthèse additive   

Color created by mixing light rays of different colors. Combining all the color rays of light results in white light. See also → subtractive color.

additive; → color.

additive identity
  ایدانی ِ بردایشی   
idâni-ye bardâyeši

Fr.: identité additive   

The number which can be added to any other number without changing the magnitude of that number: zero. → multiplicative identity.

additive; → identity.

additive law of probability
  قانون ِ بردایشی ِ شوانایی   
qânun-e bardâyeši-ye šavânâyi

Fr.: loi additive de probabilité   

If E1, E2, ..., En are n → mutually exclusive events, then the probability of occurrence of at least one of them is the sum of their individual probabilities: P(E1 + E2 + ... + En) = P(E1) + P(E2) + ... + P(En).

additive; → law; → probability.

alpha ladder
  نردبان ِ آلفا   
nardebân-e âlfâ

Fr.: échelle alpha   

alpha process.

alpha; → ladder.

CO ladder
  نردبان ِ CO   
nardebân-e CO

Fr.: échelle CO   

A spectral line energy distribution which plots the intensity of each → carbon monoxide (CO) transition as a function of the upper J number. This type of → diagram is a powerful diagnostic tool, where models show that these CO ladders have very different shapes depending on the type of excitation (i.e. photon dominated region, PDR or X-ray dominated region, XDR) as well as density and radiation environment.

carbon monoxide (CO); → ladder.

co-added image
  تصویر ِ هم‌افزوده   
tasvir-e hamafzudé

Fr.: image intégrée   

An image made up of several individual images of relatively short exposure times which are added together in order to produce a final image of higher quality.

Co-added, from → co- "together" + added p.p. of → add; → image.

Tasvir, → image; hamafzudé from ham- "together", → com-, + afzudé p.p. of afzudan, → add.

image co-adding
  هم‌افزایش ِ تصویرها   
hamafzâyeš-e tasvirhâ

Fr.: addition d'images   

The process of adding several usually low-exposure images to create an image having a significantly higher signal/noise ratio.

image; → co-; → add.

ladder
  نردبان   
nerdebân (#)

Fr.: échelle   

1) A piece of equipment consisting of a series of bars or steps between two upright lengths of wood, metal, or rope, used for climbing up or down something.
2) A series of ascending stages by which someone or something may progress (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E. laddre, O.E. hlæder "ladder, steps" (cognates: M.Du. ledere, O.H.G. leitara, Ger. Leiter), from PIE root *klei- "to lean," → incline.

Nardebân "ladder."