1) parmâs (#); 2) parmâsidan (#)
Fr.: 1) contact; 2) contacter, toucher
1a) The act or state of touching or being in immediate proximity, as in a
→ contact binary.
From L. contactus "a touching," p.p. of contingere "to touch," from → com- "together" + tangere "to touch."
Parmâs "contact, touching," stem of parmâsidan "to touch, feel," from *pari-mars-, from Indo-Iranian *pari- "around" (O.Pers. pariy "around, about," Av. pairi "around, over," Skt. pari) + *mars- "to touch; to wipe, rub," Mid.Pers. marz "contact, touching," marzitan "to touch," Mod.Pers. mâlidan "to rub," Av. marəz- "to rub, wipe," marəza- "border, district," Skt. mrś- "to touch," mrśáti; L. mulceo "to caress," margo "edge" (Fr. marge "margin"); P.Gmc. *marko; Ger. Mark; E. mark, margin.
Fr.: binaire de contact
1) A → binary star system in which the two
→ components are so close that they exchange gases
in a complex manner. Their overlapping
→ gravitational fields form a "peanut" shaped
→ equipotential surface.
Fr.: premier contact
1) The beginning of a → solar eclipse when the eastern part of
the lunar limb touches the western limb of the Sun, marking
the beginning of an eclipse.
Fr.: quatrième contact
The end of a solar eclipse marked by the disk of the Moon completely passing away from the disk of the Sun.
From M.E. fourthe, O.E. féowertha, from four, from O.E. feower, from P.Gmc. *petwor- (cf. Du. and Ger. vier, O.N. fjorir, Dan. fire, Sw. fyra), from PIE *qwetwor (cf. Mod.Pers. cahâr, Av. caθwar-, catur-, Skt. catvarah, Gk. tessares, L. quattuor) + -th a suffix used in the formation of ordinal numbers, from M.E. -the, -te, O.E. -tha, -the; cf. O.N. -thi, -di; L. -tus; Gk -tos; → contact.
Parmâs, → contact; cahârom cardinal form from cahâr "four," cognate with E. four, as above.
Fr.: dernier contact
Same as → fourth contact at an eclipse.
Fr.: deuxième contact
The beginning of the total phase of a solar eclipse when the leading edge of the Moon touches the eastern edge of the Sun completely obscuring the Sun.
Fr.: troisième contact
The end of the total phase of a solar eclipse marked by the trailing edge of the Moon first revealing the Sun.