An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 5 Search : fault
by default
  پت نابون   
pat nâbun

Fr.: par défaut   

Because of a lack of opposition or alternative.

by; → default.

default
  نابون   
nâbun

Fr.: défaut   

1) Failure to act; inaction or neglect; failure to meet financial obligations.
2) Lack; want; absence. See also → deficiency, → lack, → shortage.
3) Computers: A selection automatically used by a program when none is specified by the user. → by default.

M.E. defau(l)te, O.Fr. defaute "fault, defect, failure," from V.L. *defallita "a deficiency or failure," p.p. of *defallere, from L. → de- "away" + fallere "to deceive, to cheat; to put wrong, to lead astray."

Nâbun, literally "not-being, non-existence," from nâ- negation prefix, → non-, + (Kurd.) bun "to be," variants (Gazi, Yarani, Gurani, Semnâni) bu-, classical Pers. bov-, budan "to be, → exist."

fault
  گسله   
gosalé (#)

Fr.: faille   

Geology: A fracture in the Earth's crust along which the adjacent rock surfaces have been displaced relative to each other. Movement along the fault can cause → earthquakes or, in the process of mountain-building, can release underlying → magma and permit it to rise to the surface as a volcanic eruption.

M.E. faute "deficiency," from O.Fr. faute "opening, gap; failure, flaw; lack," from V.L. *fallita "a shortcoming, falling," from L. falsus "deceptive, feigned, spurious," p.p. of fallere "to deceive, be wrong."

Gosalé, noun from gosalidan "to break; to snap asunder," ultimately from Proto-Iranian *visar-, from *vi- "apart" + *sar- "to break;" cf. Av. sairi- "fragment," asarəta- "not broken;" Skt. sar- "to break, tear apart," śūrtá- "smashed," aśīrtá- "unharmed;" Gk. keraizo "to tear, destroy," akeraios "unharmed;" PIE base *ker- "to hurt, harm."

fault surface
  رویه‌ی ِ گسله   
ruye-ye gosalé

Fr.: surface de faille   

Geology: The surface of a fracture along which dislocation of adjacent rocks has taken place.

falt; → surface.

faulting
  گسلش   
gosaleš (#)

Fr.: formation de failles   

The geological process leading to the formation of → faults.

Verbal noun, → fault.