(n.) A color between white and black. (adj.) Having a neutral hue.
M.E., O.E. græg, from P.Gmc. *græwyaz; cf. O.N. grar, O.Fris. gre, Du. graw, Ger. grau; Frank. *gris, Fr. gris.
Xâkestari, "ash-colored," from xâkestar "ashes," from Mid.Pers. *xâkâtur, from xâk "earth, dust" + âtur "fire," varaint âtaxš (Mod.Pers. âtaš, âzar, taš), from Av. ātar-, āθr- "fire," singular nominative ātarš-; O.Pers. ātar- "fire;" Av. āθaurvan- "fire priest;" Skt. átharvan- "fire priest;" cf. L. ater "black" ("blackened by fire"); Arm. airem "burns;" Serb. vatra "fire;" PIE base *āter- "fire."
An SI unit of absorbed radiation dose. One gray is equivalent to an energy absorption of 1 → joule/kg. It has replaced the → rad (rd), an older standard. One gray is equivalent to 100 rad. See also → sievert (Sv).
Named for Louis Harold Gray (1905-1965), British radiologist and the pioneer of use of radiation in cancer treatment.
javv-e xâkestari, havâsepher-e ~
Fr.: atmosphère grise
A simplifying assumption in the models of stellar atmosphere, according to which the absorption coefficient has the same value at all wavelengths.
jesm-e xâkestari (#)
Fr.: corps gris
A hypothetical body which emits radiation at each wavelength in a constant ratio, less than unity, to that emitted by a black body at the same temperature.