An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 5 Search : know
acknowledge
  آدانیدن   
âdânidan

Fr.: reconnaître   

1) To admit to be real or true; recognize the existence, truth, or fact of.
2) To recognize the authority, validity, or claims of.
3) To show or express appreciation or gratitude for (Dictionary.com).

A blend of M.E aknow "admit or show one's knowledge" (from O.E. oncnawan "understand") and M.E. knowlechen "to admit."

Âdânidan, from âdân, from prefix â- + dân present stem of dânestan, → know; cf. Sogd. âzân, azân "to acknowledge, to confess," from prefixed zân, variant of dân.

acknowledgment
  ۱، ۲) آدانش؛ ۲) سپاسگزاری   
1, 2) âdâneš 2) sepâsgozâri

Fr.: 1) reconnaissance, aveu; 2) remerciement   

1) Recognition of the existence or truth of something.
2) An expression of appreciation (Dictionary.com).

acknowledge; → -ment.

know
  دانستن   
dânestan (#)

Fr.: savoir   

1) To perceive or understand as fact or truth; to apprehend clearly and with certainty.
2) To have established or fixed in the mind or memory (Dictionary.com).

M.E. knowen, knawen, from O.E. cnâwan, akin to O.H.G. bichnâan "to recognize," L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know," Gk. gignoskein, Pers. šenâxtan, dânestan, as below.

Dânestan "to know;" Mid.Pers. dânistan "to know;" variant šenâxtan, šenâs- "to recognize, to know" (Mid.Pers. šnâxtan, šnâs- "to know, recognize"); O.Pers./Av. xšnā- "to know, learn, come to know, recognize;" cf. Skt. jñā- "to recognize, know," jānāti "he knows;" Gk. gignoskein "to know, think, judge," cognate with L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know" (Fr. connaître; Sp. conocer); P.Gmc. *knoeanan; O.E. cnawan, E. know, as above; Rus. znat "to know;" PIE base *gno- "to know."

knowledge
  شناخت   
šenâxt (#)

Fr.: connaissance   

1) All the information, facts, truths, and principles learned throughout time.
2) Acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation.

M.E. cnawlece, from O.E. cnawan, cf. O.H.G. bi-chnaan, ir-chnaan "to know;" cognate with Pers. šenâxt, as below.

Šenâxt, past stem of šenâxtan, šenâsidan "to know, discern, distinguish, be acquainted with;" Mid.Pers. šnâxtan, šnâs- "to know, recognize," dânestan "to know;" O.Pers./Av. xšnā- "to know, learn, come to know, recognize;" cf. Skt. jñā- "to recognize, know," jānāti "he knows;" Gk. gignoskein "to know, think, judge;" L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know" (Fr. connaître; Sp. conocer); O.E. cnawan; E. know; Rus. znat "to know;" PIE base *gno- "to know."

unknown
  نادانست   
nâdânest

Fr.: inconnu   

Math.: A → variable or → function whose → value is to be found.

un-, + known, p.p. of → know.