A lexical form derived from a verb, that has some of the characteristics and functions of both verbs and adjectives. In most Indo-European languages participles are used to express participation in an action (present participle) or relate to a completed action (past participle). They can also appear in attributive form as adjectives.
M.E., from O.Fr. participle, variant of participe, from L. participium, literally "a sharing, partaking," from particeps "sharing, partaking," → participate.
Pârgerté, from pârgert present stem of pârgertidan, → participate, + nuance suffix -é.
Fr.: participe passé
A → participle that indicates a completed action or state.
Fr.: participe présent
A → participle that indicates an ongoing action or state in the present.