axgar (#), jaraqé (#)
Visible disruptive discharge of electricity between two places at opposite high potential. It is preceded by ionization of the path.
M.E., from O.E. spearca; cf. M.L.G. sparke, M.Du. spranke.
Laki âger "fire accompanied by flame," Lori azgel daaneh-ye aatash-e sorx shodeh va godaaxteh Kurd. agir "fire" Gilaki val "prominence, flame" Tâleši kel "blazing flame" standard Pers. gorr Laki gorron "flame;" jaraqé, probably word made by sound imitation.
gâf-e jaraqé (#)
A device consisting of two electrodes separated by a small gap that is filled by a gas, usually air. A high → potential difference applied to the electrodes ionizes the gas and current flows across it for a brief time causing a spark across the gap. Spark gaps have a wide application. As spark plugs, they are used to ignite a mixture of fuel and air in the piston cylinders of an internal combustion engine. The electricity is provided by the battery and ignition coil, and the spark timing is controlled by the distributor. Spark gaps are also used as safety devices on equipment to prevent damage from voltage surges.
binâb-e axgar, ~ jaraqé
Fr.: spectre d'étincelle
The emission spectrum produced through a gas or vapor as a result of a high-voltage discharge between metallic electrodes.