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mule astar (#) Fr.: mulet The → sterile offspring of a female horse and a male donkey. M.E., from O.E. mul, from O.Fr. mul "mule, hinny," from L. mulus "a mule," probably from a pre-Latin Mediterranean language. Astar, from Mid.Pers. astar, ultimately from *asa-tara-, literally "horse related," from *asa- variant of aspa-, → horse, + -tara- a suffix of relation and comparative adjectives; cf. Skt. asvátara- "mule." |
multi- bas- (#) Fr.: multi- A combining form meaning "many, much, multiple, many times, more than one, more than two, composed of many like parts, in many respects." From L. multus "much, many," from PIE base *mel- "strong, great, numerous;" cf. L. melior "better," Gk. mala "very, very much." Bas-, from bas "many, much;" Mid.Pers. vas "many, much;" O.Pers. vasiy "at will, greatly, utterly;" Av. varəmi "I wish," vasô, vasə "at one's pleasure or will," from vas- "to will, desire, wish." |
multi-object spectroscopy binâbnamâyi-ye bas-barxâti Fr.: spectroscopie multi-objets A technique of spectroscopy using fiber optics whereby several objects distributed over the field of view can be observed simultaneously. → multi-; → object; → spectroscopy. |
multidisciplinary bas-hâvešâni, bas-hâvešânmand Fr.: multidisciplinaire Of an approach or study that juxtaposes disciplinary perspectives, adding breadth and available knowledge, information, and methods. The involved disciplines speak as separate voices in encyclopedic alignment. The status quo is not interrogated, and disciplinary elements retain their original identity. See also → interdisciplinary and → transdisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.). → multi-; → disciplinary. |
multiplanet system râžmân-e bas-sayâre-yi Fr.: système multi-planète A stellar system with more than one orbiting planet. |
multiple bastâ, bastâyi Fr.: multiple Consisting of, having, or involving several or many individuals, parts, elements, etc. From Fr. multiple, from L.L. multiplus "manifold," from L. → multi- "many, much" + -plus "fold," from base of plicare "to fold, twist." Bastâ-, from bas "many, much" (Mid.Pers. vas "many, much;" O.Pers. vasiy "at will, greatly, utterly;" Av. varəmi "I wish," vasô, vasə "at one's pleasure or will," from vas- "to will, desire, wish") + tâ "fold, plait, ply; piece, part," also a multiplicative suffix; Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part." |
multiple exposures nurdâd-e bastâyi Fr.: poses multiples The division of a relatively long exposure into several successive shorter ones, e.g. to avoid detector saturation. |
multiple integral dorostâl-e bastâyi Fr.: intégrale multiple A series of successive integrations in which the integral operator acts on the result of preceding integration. |
multiple scattering parâkaneš-e bastâyi Fr.: diffusion multiple A process of → radiative transfer in which more than one → scattering event may be of importance before → transmission, → reflection, or → absorption. In → radiation-driven winds photon scattering can take place in different → spectral lines. Each scattering occurs in a different spectral line, and successive scatterings occur at lower energies (longer wavelength). The standard theory of line driving (→ CAK model) assumes that photons can be scattered only once in the wind, which is a reasonable assumption for normal → O stars. In → Wolf-Rayet stars, where photons evolve in an atmosphere with a strong → ionization stratification, multiple scattering is important. Indeed the strength of W-R winds appears to exceed the single scattering limit. → multiple; → scattering. |
multiple star setâre-ye bastâyi Fr.: étoile multiple A star which appears single but is in fact composed of more than two components. See also → multiple star system; → binary star; → triple star. |
multiple star system râšmân-e bastâyi Fr.: système multiple A stellar system composed of several stars bound together by gravitational attraction and revolving around a common center of mass. |
multiple system râžmân-e bastâyi Fr.: système multiple 1) A system consisting of several → components. |
multiplet bastâyé Fr.: multiplet A group of spectral lines arising from transitions having a common lower energy level. From → multi- + -plet on the model of triplet. Bastâyé, from bastâ-→ multi- + euphonic -yé, from -é nuance suffix. |
multiplicand bastâšow Fr.: multiplicande A number to be multiplied by another. From L. multiplicandum, from multiplicandus "to be multiplied," gerundive of multiplicare, → multiply. Bastâšow, literally "that undergoes multiplication," from bastâ, → multiple, + šow, present stem and agent noun of šodan "to become, to be, to be doing, to go, to pass," from Mid.Pers. šudan, šaw- "to go;" Av. šiyav-, š(ii)auu- "to move, go," šiyavati "goes," šyaoθna- "activity; action; doing, working;" O.Pers. šiyav- "to go forth, set," ašiyavam "I set forth;" cf. Skt. cyu- "to move to and fro, shake about; to stir," cyávate "stirs himself, goes;" Gk. kinein "to move;" Goth. haitan "call, be called;" O.E. hatan "command, call;" PIE base *kei- "to move to and fro." |
multiplication bastâyeš Fr.: multiplication In general, the process of repeatedly adding a quantity to itself a certain number of times, or any other process which has the same result. Verbal noun of → multiply. |
multiplication sign nešâne-ye bastâyeš Fr.: croix de multiplication The sign used to indicate multiplication, either a times sign (×), a centered dot (·), or an asterisk. The multiplication sign was introduced by William Oughtred in 1631. → multiplication; → sign. |
multiplicative bastâyeši Fr.: multiplicatif Involving → multiplication. |
multiplicative identity idâni-ye bastâyeši Fr.: identité multiplicative The number which when used as the multiplier of another number leaves the second unchanged; one. → multiplicative; → identity. |
multiplicative inverse vârun-e bastâyeši Fr.: inverse multiplicative The number which when used as a multiplier of another number (except 0) produces 1. For example (1/5) x 5 = 1; each of the numbers is the multiplicative inverse of the other. → multiplicative; → inverse. |
multiplicity bastâyigi Fr.: multiplicité 1) The state of being multiple, made of several components. |
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