From Edward Emerson Barnard (1857-1923) American astronomer who made several obserational discoveries.
Fr.: boucle de Barnard
A very faint nebular shell of huge size enveloping the central portion of Orion.
Named after → Barnard, who discovered the loop in 1895; → loop.
Fr.: étoile de Barnard
A → red dwarf in the constellation → Ophiuchus discovered in 1916 by E.E. Barnard, that until 1968 had the largest → proper motion of any star. It moves on the sky 10.3 arcseconds per year, which means that it travels the equivalent of a lunar diameter every 180 years. It is the second nearest star system to the Sun.