Daštargân, Jonubgân (#)
The south polar area, south of latitude 66° 33' 8'' S.
Daštargân, from daštar, → south, +
-gân suffix indicating the direction.
Hudargân, šomâlgân (#)
The north polar area, north of latitude 66° 33' 8'' N.
Arctic, from O.Fr. artique, from L. arcticus, from Gk. arktikos "of the north," literally "of the (northerly prominent constellation) Bear," from arktos "bear" (cf. Av. arša-, Mod.Pers. xers, Tabari aš, Skt. rksa, L. ursus; PIE *rtko-).
Hudargân, from hudar, → north,
+ -gân prefix denoting the direction.