Moving or able to move, operate, function, or take effect quickly; quick; swift; rapid (Dictionary.com).
M.E., from O.E. fæst "firmly fixed, steadfast;" O.Fr. fest, O.N. fastr, Du. vast, Ger. fest.
Tond "swift, rapid, brisk; fierce, severe," → velocity.
fast radio burst (FRB)
belk-e râdioyi-ye tond
Fr.: sursaut radio rapide, impulsion ~ ~
A bright → burst of → radio emission lasting only a few milliseconds, and thought to be of → extragalactic origin. The first ever detected such burst, called the → Lorimer burst, was in 2007. It lasted only 5 milliseconds, but the single radio → pulse was dispersed over a wide range of frequencies (→ dispersion measure). This suggested a → cosmic origin for the burst, because the radiation must have passed through very distant → intergalactic clouds to be so highly dispersed. The second FRB was detected in 2012 in archival data from the Parkes Radio Telescope, the same telescope through which the original burst was seen. No temporally coincident → X-ray or → gamma ray signature was identified in association with the bursts. Most recent results suggest FRBs as a new population of explosive events at cosmological distances of up to 3 → giga → parsecs, that is → redshifts of 0.5 to 1. While physical interpretations for this phenomenon remain speculative, they are thought to involve highly → compact objects, such as → neutron stars. See also → blitzar.
The term fast radio burst was coined by Thornton et al., 2013, Science, 341, 53 (arXiv:1307.1628); → fast; → radio; → burst.
1) To attach firmly or securely in place; fix securely to something else.
From M.E. fastenen, from O.E. fæstnian; cognate with O.Fris. festnia "to make firm, bind fast," O.Sax. fastnon, O.H.G. fastnion, O.N. fastna "to pledge, betroth."
Darizidan, from Proto-Ir. *darz- "to attach, fasten;" cf. Av. darəz- "to attach;" Mid.Pers. handarz "advice, order, command," drz- "to fasten;" Mod.Pers. andarz "advice; testament," darzan "needle," darzi "tailor," razé (with elimination of the initial phoneme) "a ring or staple used to fasten a door," padarzé "a wrapper in which clothes are folded up;" cf. Skt. drah- "to fix, make firm;" Gk. drassomai "I take hold of, grasp;" Russ. deržat' "to hold, keep" (Cheung 2007).
Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST)
The 500 m diameter → radio telescope which is the largest → single-dish antenna in the world. It is an Arecibo type telescope nestled within a natural basin in China's remote and mountainous Dawodang, Kedu Town, in southeastern China's Guizhou Province. The → reflector consists of 4,450 triangular panels, each with a side length of 11 m. More than 2,000 → actuators are used, according to the feedback from the measuring system, to deform the whole reflector surface and directly correct for → spherical aberration. Several detectors are used to cover a frequency range of 70 MHz to 3 GHz.
→ five; → hundred; → meter; → aperture; → spherical; → radio; → telescope.