1) Literary works invented by the imagination, such as novels or short stories.
M.E., from O.Fr. ficcion "dissimulation, ruse; invention, fabrication" and directly from L. fictionem "a fashioning or feigning," noun of action from p.p. stem of fingere "to shape, form, devise, feign," originally "to knead, form out of clay," from PIE *dheigh- "to build, form, knead;" akin to Skt. dehah "body," literally "that which is formed," dih- "to besmear;" Gk. teikhos "wall;" L. fingere "to form, fashion," Gothic deigan "to smear;" O.Irish digen "firm, solid."
Formed on the model of fiction, as above, from diz- "to build, to form;" (related to Pers. dež, dez "fortress"); cf. Mid.Pers. dys-/dēs- "to build;" Sogd. dys "to build;" Av. (+ *pari-) daēz- "to build (around);" Proto-Ir. *daiz- "to build, form;" from PIE *dheigh- "to build, form," as above, + suffix -an.
Fr.: science fiction
A form of fiction that draws imaginatively on scientific knowledge and speculation in its plot, setting, theme, etc. (Dictionary.com).