dastur-e zabân, zabân-dastur
1) The study of the way the sentences of a language are constructed;
→ morphology and → syntax.
M.E. gramarye, from O.Fr. gramaire "grammar; learning," especially Latin and philology, an "irregular semi-popular adoption" of L. grammatica, from Gk. grammatike (tekhne) "(art) of letters" with a sense of both philology and literature, from grammatikos "pertaining to or versed in letters or learning," from gramma "letter," → -gram.
Dastur-e zabân, literally "language rule," from dastur "rule; mandate, command; religious authority (of the Zoroastrians);" Mid.Pers. dast "able, capable;" Av. danh- "to teach, instruct;" cf. Skt. dams- "to show or teach wonderful skills, perform wise;" Gk. didasko "I learn;" PIE *dens- "to become skilfull; to teach, instruct" (Cheung 2007); + zabân, → language.
A specialist or expert in grammar.
From O.Fr. gramairien "learned man, person who knows Latin," agent noun from grammaire, → grammar.
Zabân-dasturdân, literally "knower of grammar," from zabân-dastur→ grammar + dân agent noun and present stem of dânestan, → know.