1) asb (#); 2) asbak (#)
1) A large, solid-hoofed, herbivorous quadruped, Equus caballus,
domesticated since prehistoric times.
Horse, O.E. hors, from P.Gmc. *khursa- (cf. M.Du. ors, Du. ros, O.H.G. hros, Ger. Roß "horse"), of unknown origin; → latitude.
Asb "horse," from Mid.Pers. asp; O.Pers. asa- "horse;" Av. aspa- "horse," aspā- "mare," aspaiia- "pertaining to the horse;" cf. Skt. áśva- "horse, steed;" Gk. hippos; L. equus; O.Ir. ech; Goth. aihwa-; O.E. eoh "horse;" PIE base *ekwo- "horse."
Fr.: calmes tropicaux, latitudes des chevaux
The belts of latitude over the oceans, located around 30° north and south of the equator, characterized by predominantly calm or light winds and hot and dry weather.
→ horse; → latitude.
Horsehead Nebula (NGC 2024)
miq-e sar-e asb, ~ asbsar
Fr.: nébuleuse de la Tête de Cheval
A huge → dark cloud of → interstellar dust that is shaped like a horse's head. It is luminous at its edges because it is in front of the bright → emission nebula IC 434. Its height and width are about 5 and 2.5 → light-years respectively. It is located at a distance of about 1500 light-years in the constellation → Orion. Also known as Barnard 33.
asb-e boxâr (#)
A unit that is used to measure the → power of engines and motors.
Fr.: monture en fer de cheval
An equatorial mounting in which the upper end of the polar axis frame is made into a horseshoe shape to accommodate the telescope tube.
Barnešând, → mounting; na'l "horseshoe, shoe," loanword from Ar.
Fr.: orbite en fer à cheval
A periodic orbit which passes around the → Lagrangian points L4, L3, and L5, but neither of the two primaries. This orbit is shaped like a horseshoe when viewed in a reference frame rotating with the primaries. Such orbits occur in the solar system, for example in the case of the satellites → Janus and → Epimetheus, which share the same orbit around → Saturn. The smaller Epimetheus encompasses both the L4 and L5 points associated with the larger Janus and performs a horseshoe orbit relative to Saturn and Janus. The satellites experience a close approach every 4 years during which their orbits are exchanged. → tadpole orbit.