Of or pertaining to longitude or length. Extending in the direction of the length.
Adj. of → longitude.
longitudinal magnetic field
meydân-e meqnâtisi-ye derežnâyi
Fr.: champ magnétique longitudinal
1) A → magnetic field whose lines of force
(→ line of force)
run parallel to the long axis of the → magnet.
of a component can be accomplished using the longitudinal field set
up by a → coil or
→ solenoid. It can also be accomplished using
permanent magnets or electromagnets.
→ longitudinal; → magnetic; → field.
Fr.: masse longitudinale
In special relativity theory, the mass of a body when the acceleration is parallel or anti-parallel to velocity: ml = m0 / [1 - (v/c)2]3/2, where m0 is the → rest mass, v is the velocity, and c the → velocity of light. → transverse mass.
→ longitudinal; → mass.
Fr.: onde longitudinale
A wave vibrating along the direction of propagation, such as a → sound wave. → transverse wave.
→ longitudinal; → wave.
longitudinal Zeeman effect
oskar-e Zeeman-e derežnâyi
Fr.: effet Zeeman longitudinal
The → Zeeman effect when the emitting source is viewed in the direction of the magnetic field. In the normal longitudinal effect, each spectral line is split into two components with frequencies ν ± Δν. The line with the frequency ν - Δν shows left-hand → circular polarization and that with frequency ν + Δν shows right-hand circular polarization. → transverse Zeeman effect.
→ longitudinal; → Zeeman effect.