Fr.: rapport absorptivité-émissivité
For a spatial object, the ratio between its absorption of solar radiation and its infrared emission.
Fr.: émission alpha
The release of → alpha particles at high velocity from an atom's nucleus as it undergoes radioactive transformation.
Fr.: émission atmosphérique
The emission of electromagnetic radiation from the atmosphere due to thermal and → non-thermal processes. → Thermal emission comes mainly from → water vapor. Non-thermal processes result in emission lines oxygen (optical) and OH (near-IR). Atmospheric emission is a very significant source of noise in astronomical observations. See also → airglow, → aurora.
Fr.: émission aurorale
mušak-e partâbik (#)
Fr.: missile balistique
A missile that after being launched and guided in the early part of its flight, travels unpowered in a ballistic trajectory.
Putting a telescope or an observing instrument into active service after their final construction.
From L. commissionem "delegation of business," from commissus, p.p. of committere "to bring together," from → com- "together" + mittere "to put, send."
Râhandâzeš, verbal noun from compound verb râhandâxtan "to set in work; to prepare," from râh "way, path" + andâxtan "to cast; to make, do; to throw."
Fr.: période de rodage
A period during which a newly constructed observing instrument is used for test.
Fr.: émission comptonisée
Emission undergone → Comptonization.
Fr.: émission continuum
A continuous radiation produced by three processes: radiative recombination due to transition between electron free-free states, two-photon decays of metastable levels, and thermal bremsstrahlung.
→ continuum; → emission.
Fr.: transmission diffuse
Transmission accompanied by diffusion or scatter to the extent that there is no regular or direct transmission.
Fr.: émission des poussières
Thermal emission in infrared from interstellar → dust grains receiving photons. Dust grains absorb ultraviolet and visible light emitted by nearby stars and re-radiate in the infrared wavelengths. Since the infrared light is of lower energy than the ultraviolet/visible light, the difference goes into heating the dust grain. Typical temperatures for interstellar grains are tens of degrees Kelvin.
In an atom, a characteristic amount of energy radiated (as line emission) when an electron moves from an outer orbit to an inner orbit around the nucleus, corresponding to the lost energy of the electron.
From L. emissionem "a sending out," from emiss-, stem of emittere "send forth," from → ex- "out" + mittere "to send."
Gosil, variant gosi "sending away, dismission;" Mid.Pers. wisé "to despatch" (Parthian Mid.Pers. wsys- "to despatch;" Buddhist Mid.Pers. wsydy "to despatch;" Sogdian 'ns'yd- "to exhort"), from Proto-Iranian *vi-sid- "to despatch, send off," from prefix vi- "apart, away, out," + *sid- "to call."
Fr.: bande d'émission
In a spectrum, a combination of several closely spaced, often unresolved, → emission lines occurring across a limited range of wavelengths.
Fr.: coefficient d'émission
Electromagnetic flux emitted by a source per unit volume per unit time.
Fr.: motif d'émission
Any emission mark in the spectrum of a celestial object resulting from line formation or of unknown origin.
xatt-e gosili (#)
Fr.: raie d'émission
A bright line in the electromagnetic spectrum of a radiating substance caused by emission at a particular wavelength.
Fr.: mesure d'émission
The product of the square of the electron density times the linear size of the emitting region (in parsecs).
Fr.: nébuleuse en émission
binâb-e gosili (#)
Fr.: spectre d'émission
A spectrum consisting of emission lines, produced when the light does not undergo absorption between the source and the spectrograph.
1) Able to emit (radiation, light, or heat).
Verbal adj. from → emit.