A conceptual study that attempts to understand reality and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, existence, life, morality, and human nature. Philosophy deals with issues that generally are not subject to investigation through experimental verification. It focuses on questions which cannot be answered by means of observation alone. See also → philosophy of science.
From O.Fr. filosofieÂ "philosophy, knowledge," from L.Â philosophia, from Gk.Â philosophiaÂ "love of wisdom," fromÂ philo-Â "loving" combining form ofÂ philos "dear; friend," fromÂ phileinÂ "to love," of unknown origin, +Â sophiaÂ "knowledge, wisdom," fromÂ sophisÂ "wise, learned;" of unknown origin.
Falsafé, from Ar. falsafah, loan from Gk. philosophia, as above.
philosophy of science
falsafe-ye dâneš (#)
Fr.: philosophie des sciences
TheÂ criticalÂ studyÂ ofÂ theÂ basicÂ principlesÂ andÂ conceptsÂ ofÂ a particularÂ branchÂ ofÂ knowledge. The philosophy of science is particularly concerned with the nature of scientific facts, the structure of scientific statements, and relations between them.
→ philosophy; → science.