The process that de-reddens. The state of being de-reddened.
Verbal noun of → de-redden.
Fr.: rougissement interstellaire
The dimming of light during its travel in the → interstellar medium due to absorption by → intervening → dust grains. Since shorter wavelengths are particularly affected, the spectrum of the light is increasingly dominated by the long wavelength end of the spectrum. As a result, the light is "reddened" as it travels through space. Robert J. Trumpler (1886-1956), a Swiss-American astronomer, was the first to produce a definite evidence of the existence of → interstellar extinction and to estimate its magnitude (1930).
→ interstellar; → reddening.
interstellar reddening curve
xam-e sorxeš-e andaraxtari
Fr.: courbe de rougissement interstellaire
A graph showing the relation between → interstellar absorption (in magnitudes) and wavelength.
→ interstellar; → reddening; → curve.
The process by which light from an astronomical object grows red as it travels through interstellar dust. Dust scatters blue light more than red, thus leaving predominantly red light transmitted.
Verbal noun of → redden.
Fr.: coefficient de rougissement
A dimensionless quantity determined from the comparison of the observed → Balmer decrements with respect to the theoretical values for given physical conditions of electron temperature and density. The reddening coefficient at Hβ is defined as c(Hβ) = log (I(Hβ)/F(Hβ)), where I(Hβ) and F(Hβ) are → de-reddened and reddened Hβ fluxes respectively. Also called logarithmic extinction.
→ reddening; → coefficient.
Fr.: fonction de rougissement
The normalized interstellar extinction at a given wavelength. It is defined by f(λ) = A(λ)/A(Hβ) - 1, where A(λ) is the extinction at the given wavelength and A(Hβ) the extinction at Hβ, with f(Hβ) = 0. It is used to → de-redden observed fluxes: I(λ)/I(Hβ) = F(λ)/F(Hβ).10c(Hβ).f(λ), where I represents the flux in the absence of extinction and F the observed flux affected by extinction, c(Hβ) being the → reddening coefficient.
Fr.: paramètre de rougissement
A dimensionless quantity characterizing the → interstellar extinction, defined by the total-to-selective extinction ratio: RV = AV/E(B-V). The typical value found for the reddening parameter in the Milky Way is RV ~ 3.1, but it is known to vary from one line of sight to another, from values as 2 to as large as 6. Very large → dust grains would produce extinction with RV → ∞.
Fr.: vecteur de rougissement
A vector indicating the direction in which interstellar reddening moves the position of a star in a multi-dimensional space of color indices.