1) General: Surpassing or superior.
From transcendentalis, from transcendere "to climb over or beyond, surmount," from → trans- "beyond" + scandere "to climb" + -alis, → -al.
Tarâfarâzandé, from tarâ- "beyond, over," → trans-, + farâzandé agent noun of farâzandan "to raise, erect, exalt," from farâz "above, up, upon, on the top, aloft," from Mid.Pers. farâz, farâc "forward, prominent, distinguished;" Av. frānk- (adj.) "turned toward the front," fraca (adv.) "forward, forth," fraš (adv.) "forward, forth; before;" Proto-Iranian *frānk-.
Fr.: fonction transcendante
A function which is not → algebraic. For example y = cosx, y = 10xx.
→ transcendental; → function.
Fr.: logique transcendantale
In Kantian epistemology, a pure logic which contains solely the rules of the pure thought of an object, excluding any mode of knowledge with empirical content. Whereas general logic is not concerned with the origin of our cognitions, transcendental logic would contain rules for the use of → a priori cognitions.
→ transcendental; → logic.
Fr.: nombre transcendant
A → real number that is not a → root of any → algebraic equation with → rational → coefficients. Every transcendental number is → irrational. Examples of transcendental numbers are π = 3.1415926... and e = 2.7182818...
→ transcendental; → number.