Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
Nepâhešgâh-e andar-Âmrikâyi-ye Kuh-e Tololo
Fr.: Observatoire inter-américain du Cerro Tololo
A complex of astronomical telescopes and instruments located approximately 80 km to the East of La Serena, Chile, at an altitude of 2,200 m. CTIO headquarters are located in La Serena, Chile, about 480 km north of Santiago. The principal telescopes on site are the 4-m Victor M. Blanco Telescope and the 4.1-m Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope. One of the two 8-m telescopes comprising the Gemini Observatory is co-located with CTIO on the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) property in Chile, together with more than 10 other telescopes and astronomical projects.
Cerro "mountain" in Spanish; Tololo a proper name; → inter-; American, from America, → North America Nebula; → Observatory.
A prefix denoting "between, among, mutually, reciprocally."
Inter-, from L. inter (prep., adj.) "among, between," from PIE *enter "between, among" (cf. Pers. andar-, as below; Skt. antár; Gk. entera (pl.) "intestines," O.Ir. eter; O.Welsh ithr "among, between;" O.H.G. untar; O.E. under "under"), from *en- "in" + *-ter comparative suffix.
Mod.Pers. andar "in, into, within" (added to the words pedar "father,"
mâdar "mother," barâdar "brother," xâhar "sister," it implies
"step-father, step-mother, half-brother, half-sister" respectively), from Mid.Pers.
andar "in, among, concerning;" O.Pers. anatr, Av. antarə'
(adv., prep., prev.), antarə (adv., prev.),
"inside, intra, within, between;" also Av. antara-
(adj.) "interior;" cf. Skt. ántara- "interior, adjacent to; intimate, dear;"
from PIE *enter, as above.