Fr.: volume atomique
The volume one → mole of a → chemical element occupies at room temperature. Atomic volume is typically given in cubic centimeters per mole (cc/mol). In other words, atomic volume is the ratio of → atomic mass to the → density of an element.
atomic volume curve
xam-e gonj-e atomi
Fr.: courbe du volume atomique
A graph displaying → atomic volumes of → chemical elements against their → atomic masses, first plotted by Lother Meyer (1830-1895). The elements with similar properties occupy the same positions on the graph. In the original curve, Lothar Meyer plotted atomic volumes against → atomic weights. → Alkali metals such as Na, K, Rb, and Cs occupy the top position on the graph. Elements like Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba occupy the positions on the ascending part of the graph. → Inert gases, except He, occupy the positions on the descending part of the graph. → Halogen elements like F, Cl, and Br also occupy the descending part of the graph.
Fr.: volume comobile
Local Volume (LV)
Fr.: Volume local
A sphere of radius ~ 10 Mpc centered on the → Local Group of galaxies. The Local Volume includes at least 500 known galaxies, many of which congregate in well-known groups like the Local Group, the relatively loose → Sculptor Group, and the more compact Centaurus A group. As of 2010, the latest catalog of LV galaxies was presented by Karachentsev et al. (2004, AJ 127, 2031). About 85% of the LV population are → dwarf galaxies which contribute to about 4% to the local optical luminosity density and roughly to 10-15% to the total H I mass density.
Fr.: volume spécifique
The volume occupied by unit mass of a substance. Specific volume is the reciprocal of density.
The amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object or region of space, expressed in cubic units.
M.E. volum(e), from O.Fr. volume, from L. volumen (genitive voluminis) "roll (as of a manuscript), coil, wreath," from volvere "to turn around, roll."
Gonj "volume," gonjidan "to be contained or held; to hold;" gonjâyeš "capacity, holding, containing;" Mid.Pers. winj- "to be contained;" Proto-Iranian *uiac-/*uic-; cf. Skt. vyac- "to contain, encompass," vyás- "extent, content, extension;" L. uincire "to bind."
bardid bâ gonj-e hyaddmand
Fr.: relevé limité en volume
A survey in which the observed objects are contained in a given volume of space.