unbound young stellar system (UYSS)
râžmân-e setâre-yi-ye javân-e nâbandidé
Fr.: système stellaire jeune non lié
A class of gravitationally loose stellar conglomerate with a notable apparent shape making it different from typical → bound → star clusters. The UYSS class includes a large range of objects, which extend at various size scales and at various degrees of self-binding; from small (semi-)compact → unbound systems named → stellar associations, to huge extended superstructures of → massive stars that make up whole parts of Galactic → spiral arms, known as → stellar complexes (Gouliermis, D. A., 2018, PASP 130:072001; arXiv:1806.11541).
Being in the first or early stage of existence or evolution; e.g. → young stellar object.
M.E.; O.E. geong "youthful, young," from P.Gmc. *jungas (cf. O.S., O.Fris. jung, O.N. ungr, M.Du. jonc, Du. jong, O.H.G., Ger. jung, Goth. juggs), from PIE base *yeu- "vital force, youthful vigor;" cognate with Pers. javân, as below.
Javân "young;" Mid.Pers. juwân "young, youth;" Arm. yavanak (loaned from Mid.Pers.); Av. yuuan- "youth;" cf. Skt. yuvan- "young, youth;" L. juvenis "young man;" Lith. jaunas "young;" O.C.S. junu, Rus. junyj "young;" cognate with E. young, as above.
young stellar object (YSO)
barâxt-e setâreyi-ye javân
Fr.: objet stellaire jeune
Any star that has evolved past the → protostar stage, but has not yet arrived on the → main sequence. There is a variety of YSOs depending on their age, mass, and environment, including → Herbig stars, → T Tauri stars, and, in general, compact infrared sources embedded in molecular clouds.
→ young; → stellar; → object.
âzmâyeš-e Young (#)
Fr.: expérience de Young
A method of producing → interference of light. Two beams of → coherent light are produced by passing light through a very small circular aperture in one screen, then through two small circular apertures very close together in a second screen. On a third screen, behind the second screen, there will be two overlapping sets of waves and, if the light is monochromatic, → interference fringes will appear on the third screen. The experiment can also be performed with a beam of electrons or atoms, showing similar interference patterns. Young's experiment provides an evidence of the → wave-particle duality, as explained by → quantum mechanics. Same as → double-slit experiment.
Named after the English scientist Thomas Young (1773-1829), who originally performed the experiment some time around 1801 in an attempt to resolve the question of whether light was composed of particles (the → corpuscular theory of light); or rather consisted of waves travelling through some → ether. The experiment proved the wave nature of light; → experiment.
Fr.: module de Young
A measure of elasticity of a material, defined as the ratio of tensile → stress to tensile → strain, which equals the ratio of compressive stress to compressive strain.
Named after Thomas Young, → Young's experiment.