1) The exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
M.E. oppressioun, from O.Fr. opresser "oppress; torment," from M.L. oppressare, from L. opprimere "press against, press down;" from op, variant of ob "against" + premere "to press, hold fast."
Setam, from Mid.Pers. sthmbk / stambag / "oppressive; obstinate," related to sitabr "strong, firm," staft "hard; firm, strong; fierce," Pers. seft "firm, hard, tight;" sitanbah "strong, robust, bold;" Av. aša.stəmbana- "having the support/firmness of aša;" Lith stembti "to oppose;" Gk. astemphes "unshakable."
To make a choice; choose (usually followed by for).
From Fr. opter "to choose," from L. optare "to choose, desire, wish for," from L. optare "to desire, choose," from PIE root *op- "to choose, prefer."
Optidan, from L. optare, as above.
Of, relating to, or constituting a verbal mood that is expressive of wish or desire.
Optâné, optmand, from opt present stem of optidan, → opt, + adj. suffixes -âné, -mand. -yi.
1) nuri, nurik; 2) didgâni
1) Of or pertaining to the eye or sight.
From M.Fr. optique, from M.L. opticus "of sight or seeing," from Gk. optikos "of or having to do with sight," from optos "seen, visible," from op-, root of opsesthai "be going to see," related to ops "eye," from PIE *okw- "eye/see."
1) Nuri, nurik, from nur, → light + -i, -ik
adj. suffix → -ic.
Fr.: axe optique
The direction in a doubly refracting crystal in which light is propagated without double refraction.
1) nuri, nurik; 2) didgâni
1) Of, pertaining to, or applying optics or the principles of optics.
Fr.: aberration optique
Fr.: activité optique
The property possessed by some substances and their solutions of rotating the plane of vibration of → polarized light. When a beam of → linearly polarized light is sent through an optically active substance, such as crystalline quartz and sugar solution, the direction of vibration of the emerging linearly polarized light is found to be different from the original direction. Those which rotate the → plane of polarization to the right, for an observer looking in the incoming beam, are called → dextrorotatory or right handed; those which rotate it to the left, → levorotatory or left handed. Optical activity may be due to an asymmetry of molecules of a substance (solutions of cane sugar) or it may be a property of a crystal as a whole (crystalline quartz).
Fr.: analyse optique
The mathematical evaluation of an optical system to determine its basic optical properties and image quality characteristics.
Fr.: autocorrélateur optique
An instrument used to test lenses by utilizing the → optical transfer function. It consists of a HeNe laser, a beamsplitter and two mirrors.
âse-ye nuri (#)
Fr.: axe optique
miz-e nurik, ~ nuršenâxti
Fr.: banc optique
A track or table on which sources, lenses, mirrors, and other optical components can be mounted and moved. It is used in optics experiments.
→ optical; bench, M.E., from O.E. benc "long seat;" cf. Da. bænk, M.Du. banc, O.H.G. banch.
Miz "table," originally "preparations for entertaining a guest; guest;" Mid.Pers. mêzd "offering, meal;" nurik, nuršenâxti, → optical.
markaz-e nuri (#)
Fr.: centre optique
Of a thin lens, a point situated at the geometrical center of the lens, through which an incident ray passes without being deviated.
Fr.: composante optique
Fr.: contrepartie optique
Fr.: densité optique
The transmittance of a point on a photographic negative equal to the log to the base 10 of the reciprocal of the transmittance through the negative at that point.
Fr.: profondeur optique
1) A measure of how much radiation is absorbed when traveling through a medium
(such as the atmosphere of a star or the interstellar medium) from the source to a
given point. It depends on the type of medium and the frequency of radiation.
It is defined as a dimensionless quantity
dτλ = κλ ρ dx,
where κλ is the
extinction coefficient, ρ the density, and dx the path length.
optical double star
setâre-ye dotâyi-ye didgâni
Fr.: étoile double optique
A pair of stars that lie close to each other in the sky by chance, but are not physically associated, in contrast to a true → binary star.
Fr.: fibre optique
A thin filament of drawn or extruded glass or plastic having a central core and a cladding of lower index material to promote internal reflection. It may be used singly to transmit pulsed optical signals (communications fiber) or in bundles to transmit light or images.
Fr.: illusion d'optique
A perception of visual stimuli in which what is perceived is in a way different from the way it is in reality. Same as visual illusion.