Fr.: eau ortho
The → water molecule in which the → nuclear spin of the constituent → hydrogen atoms are → parallel (→ orthohydrogen). In astrophysics the ratio between ortho- and → para-water is used to determine temperatures in → interstellar medium.
In elementary geometry, pertaining to or involving right angles or perpendiculars.
Ardâkonj, from ardâ-, → ortho-, + konj "angle, corner, confined place" (variants xong "corner, angle," Tabari kânj, Kurd. kunj, Hamadâni kom), maybe from the PIE base *g(e)neu-, as above, and related to Mod.Pers. zânu "knee" (Av. žnu-), Skt. kona- "angle, corner," Gk. gony, gonia, L. cuneus "a wedge," Albanian (Gheg dialect) kân "angle, corner," Albanian (Toks) kënd "angle, corner."
Fr.: fonctions orthogonales
A set of functions, any two of which, by analogy to orthogonal vectors, vanish if their product is summed by integration over a specified interval.
Fr.: droites orthogonales
Fr.: trajectoire orthogonale
Math.: An → isogonal trajectory where the family of curves are cut at right angles.
Fr.: vecteurs orthogonaux
Two non-zero vectors which are perpendicular, i.e. their → scalar product is zero.
1) The property of → orthogonal functions.
Molecular hydrogen in which the nuclei (protons) of the two hydrogen atoms contained in the molecule have spins in the same direction. → parahydrogen
Fr.: vecteurs orthonormaux
Two non-zero vectors that are → orthogonal and have magnitude 1.
Of or relating to a crystalline structure characterized by three mutually perpendicular axes of different length. → orthorhombic crystal system.
orthorhombic crystal system
râžmân-e boluri-ye ardâlowzik
Fr.: système cristallin orthorhombique
A → crystal system that has three mutually perpendicular axes, each of which is of a different length than the others.
Of or relating to an optical system corrected for → distortion.
Fr.: oculaire orthoscopique
A telescopic eyepiece that produces a wide field of view (between 40° and 50°). The eyepiece consists of a single element lens that is normally plano-convex, and a cemented triplet that is usually symmetrical.
To have, produce, or generate oscillations. → vibrate.
From L. oscillatus, p.p. of oscillare "to swing," from oscill(um) "swing" + -ate a suffix forming verbs from L. words.
Navidan "to swing, oscillate," from nâvidan, literally "to swing like a ship," from nâv "ship;" O.Pers./Av. *nāv-, O.Pers. nāviyā- "fleet;" Skt. nau-, nava- "ship, boat;" Gk. naus "ship;" PIE *nau- "boat."
Fr.: Univers oscillatoire
A cosmological model in which the Universe is closed and undergoes a series of oscillations, each beginning with a big bang and ending with a big crunch.
The state of any quantity when the value of that quantity is continually changing so that it passes through maximum and minimum values.
Verbal noun of → oscillate.
tarz-e naveš, mod-e ~
Fr.: modes d'oscillation
Same as → pulsation mode.
A device for producing sonic or ultrasonic pressure waves in a medium. A device with no rotating parts for converting direct current into alternating current.
Agent noun of → oscillate.
Fr.: force d'oscillateur
A quantum-mechanical measure of the probability that a specific atomic transition will occur. It is used in the equation for the absorption coefficient of a spectral line. Also known as f value.