A segment of the → zodiac extending 2.5 degrees, as considered in Babylonian and Hellenistic astrology; plural: dodekatemoria. Dodekatemoria result from a subdivision of each → zodiacal sign into twelve equal parts, each given the name of a → sign, beginning with the name of the sign being divided and continuing throughout the other eleven sequentially. Each zodiacal sign therefore contained a micro-zodiac within its own 30° span. Textual evidence for the micro-zodiac does not antedate the sixth century BC (F. Rochberg, 2010, In the Path of the Moon, BRILL).
From Gk. dodekatemorion "twelfth part," from dodekate "twelfth" (from dodeka "twelve") + morion "part."
A domestic mammal related to the wolf and bred in many varieties.
From M.E. dogge, from O.E. docga "hound, powerful breed of dog," cognate with Scots dugdogge, Ger. Dogge, of unknown origin.
Sag "dog" (Lori say, sayu "puppy;" Pashto spay, spie "bitch;" Semnâni esba; Sangesari əsba; Kajali of Khlkhâl esbé; Tâleshi of Vizna səba; Abyâni kuyâ); from Mid.Pers. sag "dog;" O.Pers. *saka-; Median *spaka-; Av. spā-; cf. Skt. svâ-; L. canis "dog;" Gk. kuon; O.E. hund, E. hound, Ger. Hund; PIE *kwon-.
1) A specific tenet or doctrine authoritatively laid down, as by a church.
L. dogma "philosophical tenet," from Gk. dogma "opinion, tenet," literally "that which one thinks is true," from dokein "to seem good, think," cognate with Pers. andišé "thought," dis, → form.
Kiš "dogma, religion," from Mid.Pers. kêš "religion, faith, dogma;" Av. tkaēša- "teaching," kaeš-, kaš- "to teach;" PIE *kweis- "to observe, see" (Cheung 2007).
kišnâk, kišmand, kišvar
1) Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma or dogmas; doctrinal.
The tendency to lay down principles as undeniably true, without consideration of evidence or the opinions of others (OxfordDictionaries.com).
From M.Fr. domaine "domain, estate," from O.Fr. demaine "lord's estate," from L. dominium "property, dominion," from dominus "master of a household," from domus "house;" cognate with Pers. dam, as below; Gk. domos "house;" O.C.S. domu , Russ. dom "house;" Lith. dimstis "enclosed court, property;" O.E. timber "building, structure"); PIE base *dem-/*dom- "to build."
Daman, from Av. dəmāna- "house," dami "in the house;" cf. Sogd. δmān "house;" Mod.Pers. dam "wealth, means of comfort" (often as dam o dastgâh); "threshold, doorway;" Gilaki dâmana "ceiling;" Sariqoli waδem, Yazghulami wəδem "ceiling;" Skt. dám- "house;" Proto-Iranian *damH- "to build;" Gk. demo "I build;" L. domus "house," as above.
Fr.: paroi de domaine, mur ~ ~
A vault, having a circular plan and usually in the form of a portion of a sphere,
that shelters an optical telescope.
From Fr. dôme, from Gk. doma "house, housetop," related to domos "house" (PIE *domo-/*domu- "house, household;" cf. Av. dam-, dəmāna- "house," Skt. dám- "house," Gk. doma "house," L. domus "house," Rus. dom "house," Lith. dimstis "enclosed court, property," O.E. timber "building, structure").
Mid.Pers. gumbat, gônbat.
Fr.: volet de coupole
One of small covers that can be moved along the dome slit to vary the slit size.
Fr.: fermeture de fente
A pair of rolling lids that are used to open or close the dome slit.
Bastâr, from bast, past tense stem of bastan + -âr. Bastan, from Mid.Pers. bastan/vastan "to bind, shut," Av./O.Pers. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie," Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten," PIE *bhendh- "to bind," cf. Ger. binden, E. bind, → band. The suffix -âr creates creates agent nouns; → dome.
Fr.: fente de coupole
An opening along the spherical body of a dome through which an optical telescope can observe.
Fr.: coefficient dominant
To have control, authority, or influence;
to be the most important or conspicuous person or thing.
From L. dominatus, p.p. of dominari "to rule, dominate, govern," from dominus, → domain.
Ciridan, from ciré "dominant; powerful; victorious," Mid.Pers. cêr "victorious, brave," Av. cirya- "able, brave."
Fr.: série dominée
An act or instance of dominating.
Verbal noun of → dominate.
M.E. donour, from O.Fr. doneur, from L. donator, from donare "to give as a gift," donum "gift," dare "to give," cognate with Pers. dâdan "to give," from PIE base *do- "to give."
Dahandé "giver," from dâdan "to give," Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," Av. dadāiti "he gives," Skt. dadâti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," PIE base *do- "to give." For L. cognates see above.
Fr.: étoile donneuse
In a → binary system, a star whose gas is → accreted by a compact companion. The donor may be a → giant or a → supergiant with an enormously distended atmosphere and a significant → stellar wind, or a star filling its → Roche lobe in a → close binary.
A movable barrier by which an entry is closed and opened.
M.E. dore, O.E. duru "door, dor gate;" akin to Ger. Tür, O.Norse dyrr, O.Irish dorus, Pers. dar, as below.
Dar "door," Mid.Pers. dar; O.Pers. duvara-; Av. dvar-; cf. Skt. dvár-; Gk. thura; L. fores; Lith. dvaras "court-yard;" E. door, as above; PIE *dhwer-/*dhwor- "door, gate."
Electronics: To add or treat a pure semiconductor with an impurity (dopant) to change its electrical properties.
From Du. doop "thick dipping sauce," from dopen "to dip."
Âqârdan "to mix, to soak," cf. Sogdian wγyr- "to soak, steep," zγr "moisture," Ossetic qaryn "to permeate, seep through (of liquid)," Skt. ghar-, jigharti "to sprinkle, drip."
The addition of minute quantities of impurities to a semiconductor to achieve a desired characteristic.
Verbal noun of → dope.