strong gravitational lensing
lenzeš-e gerâneši-ye sotorg
Fr.: effet de lentille gravitationnelle forte
A → gravitational lensing phenomenon in which the image distortion is strong enough to be readily recognized, such as in the case of the → Einstein cross or when giant luminous arcs show up in → galaxy clusters (e.g. Abell 2218). Opposite to → weak gravitational lensing.