The fact of being in line or bringing into line.
From mis- a prefix meaning "ill, mistaken, wrong, wrongly" + → alignment.
Fr.: alignement polaire
The process or the state of making a → telescope's → polar axis → parallel to the → Earth's → rotation axis, that is with the → true North or → South → celestial pole. When this is accomplished, the sky's motion can be cancelled out simply by turning the axis (either by hand or with a motor → drive) at the same rate as the rotation of the Earth, but in the opposite direction.