M.E. perpetuall, from O.Fr. perpetuel, from L. perpetualis "permanent," from perpetuus "continuous, universal," from perpetis, genitive of Old L. perpes "lasting;"
Hamišegi from hamišé "always;" Mid.Pers. hamišag, from anôšag "immortal," from Av. an-aoša-, from negation prefix → an- + aošah- "death; ruin; corruption" (Mid.Pers. hôš "death;" Mod.Pers. hôš, huš "death; mind; intellect"); cf. derivatives Sogd. nôšé "immortal," nôšak "always;" Mod.Pers. nôš, nuš "the water of immortality; sweet; honey."
Fr.: calendrier perpétuel
A chart or mechanical device that indicates the day of the week for any given date over a period of many years.
Fr.: mouvement perpétuel
The motion of a hypothetical machine which, once set in motion, will go on for ever without any losses due to → friction or other forms of → dissipation of energy and without receiving any external energy.
A → meteor shower, one of the three most active of the year, which occurs between July 25 and August 20 with the greatest activity between August 8 and 14, peaking about August 12. The Perseids appear as the Earth's orbit around the → Sun crosses the dusty tail of the comet → Swift-Tuttle, as first explained by Giovanni Schiaparelli (1835-1910), an Italian astronomer. Usually about 50 meteors can be seen per hour, but in outburst years (such as in 2016) the rate can be between 150-200 meteors an hour.
→ Perseus + -ids.
The Hero. A rich constellation in the northern hemisphere between → Auriga and → Cassiopeia, at 3h 20m right ascension, 45° north declination. Beta (β) Persei, or → Algol, is a famous → eclipsing binary star. Abbreviation: Per; genitive: Persei.
The most celebrated of the Greek heroes, the son of Zeus and Danae, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a sea monster.
Perseus, from Gk., as above, instead of the Arabicized form
Fr.: Perseus A
Fr.: Bras de Persée
One of the spiral arms of the Galaxy. It is about 5000 light-years farther from the center than the local Orion Arm, in which the Sun lies.
Fr.: amas de Persée
A → galaxy cluster of about 12,000 members about 250 million → light-years (→ redshift z = 0.0176) away, covering 4° of sky in the constellation → Perseus. It is dominated by elliptical galaxies. At its center lies the → radio source→ Perseus A. Also known as Abell 426 (→ Abell catalog).
Fr.: superamas de Persée-Poissons
A long, dense chain of galaxies with a length of almost 300 million → light-years, constituting one of the largest known structures in the → Universe. At the left end of the supercluster lies the massive → Perseus cluster (A426), one of the most massive clusters of galaxies within 500 million light-years.
gâhšomâr-e Irâni (#)
Fr.: calendrier persan
Same as → Iranian calendar.
Persian, adj. of Persia, from O.Pers. Pārsa.
Irâni adj. of Irân, from Mid.Pers. Êrân "(land of) the Aryans," pluriel of êr "noble, hero," êrîh "nobility, good conduct;" Parthian Mid.Pers. aryân; O.Pers. ariya- "Aryan;" Av. airya- "Aryan;" cf. Skt. ārya- "noble, honorable, respectable."
1) To continue steadfastly or firmly in some state, purpose, course of
action, or the like, especially in spite of opposition, remonstrance,
The act or fact of persisting; the quality of being persistent.
Verbal noun from → persist.
Persisting, especially in spite of opposition, obstacles, discouragement, etc.; persevering (Dictionary.com).
Adjective from → persist.
1) A human being, whether man, woman, or child as distinguished from an animal or a thing.
M.E. persone, from O.Fr. persone "human being," from L. persona "human being," originally "character in a drama, mask," possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu "mask," from Gk. prosopa "face; mask" + -na a suffix.
Tanum, from O.Pers. and Av., related to Mod./Mid.Pers. tan "body, person," O.Pers. tanūš "body," tanūm [acc.sg.] "(to) onself;" Av. tanū- "body, person, self," tanūm [acc.sg.]; cf. Skt. tanūš- "body, self;" PIE base *ten-uh- "body."
1) A person of distinction or importance.
M.E. "form, appearance, stature, figure, air, and the like, of a person," from O.Fr. personage "size, stature; a dignitary," from M.L. personagium, from persona, → person.
Tanumsâ, from tanum, → person, + -sâ, contraction of -âsâ, suffix of "form, type, similarity."
Of or pertaining to a particular person; individual; private. → personal equation.
Fr.: équation personnelle
A systematic observational error due to the characteristics of the observer.
The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual (Dictionary.com).
1) tanumidan; 2) tanumârdan
Fr.: 1) personnaliser; 2) personnifier
1) The attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or
abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
Verbal noun of → personify.