An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 1063
barnâme-sâzi (#)

Fr.: programmation   

The process of writing, testing, debugging/troubleshooting, and maintaining the source code of computer programs.

Verbal noun of → program.

Barnâme-sâzi, from barnâmé, → program, + sâzi verbal noun of sâxtan, sâzidan "to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare, to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark," sācaya- (causative) "to teach").

farâyâzi (#)

Fr.: progression   

Math.: A succession of numbers or quantities in which there is a constant relation between each member and the one succeeding it. See also → arithmetic progression, → geometric progression, → harmonic progression.

From O.Fr. progression, from L. progressionem "a going forward," from progressus, p.p. of progredi "go forward," from → pro- "forward" + gradi "to step, walk," from gradus "step."

Farâyâzi, from farâ-, → pro-, + yâzi, verbal noun of yâzidan "to stretch out the arms; grow up;" Parthian Mid.Pers. y'd "to reach a goal, come to, stretch out;" Av. yat- to reach, take one's place," yaiiata "places,' frā-iiatāt "has reached;" cf. Skt. yat- "to be in place, put in place, line up;" PIE base *iet- "to be in place."

  ۱) فراشان؛ ۲) فراشاندن   
1) farâšân; 2) farâšândan

Fr.: 1) projet; 2) projeter   

1) (n.) A specific task or planned program of investigation, especially in scholarship.
2a) (v.) To propose, contemplate, or plan.
2b) To throw or cause to fall upon a surface or into space, as a ray of light or a shadow.
2c) To cause (a figure or image) to appear, as on a background.
2d) Geometry: To transform the points of one figure into those of another by a correspondence between points.

1) From L. projectum "something thrown forth," noun use of neuter of projectus, p.p. of projicere "to stretch out, throw forth," from → pro- "forward" + combining form of jacere (p.p. jactus) "to throw."
2) From L. projectus, as above.

Farâšândan, from farâ- "forward," → pro- + šândan, from ešândan "to eject," from Hamadâni ešândan "to throw out," Laki owštan "to throw, to shoot (with bow and arrow);" Lori šane "throwing," šane kerde "to throw;" Av. ah- "to throw," present ahya- "throws," asta- "thrown, shot," astar- "thrower, shooter;" cf. Khotanese ah- "to throw, shoot," Skt. as- "to throw, shoot," ásyati "throws," ásana- "throw, shot," asanā- "missile."

project director
  راشتار ِ فراشان   
râštâr-e farâšân

Fr.: directeur de recherche   

A person who directs a project.

project; → director.

project manager
  گنارگر ِ فراشان   
gonârgar-e farâšân

Fr.: chef de projet   

A person who is responsible for directing and controlling the work and staff of a project.

project; → manager.

projected rotational velocity
  تندای چرخشی ِ فراشانده   
tondâ-ye carxeši-ye farâšândé

Fr.: vitesse rotationnelle projetée   

The → angular velocity of a star deduced from the → rotational broadening of its → spectral lines. It is expressed as v sini, where i is the → inclination of the rotational axis with respect to the normal to the → plane of the sky. The real equatorial rotational velocity can be determined only if the inclination of the rotational axis is known.

Projected, p.p. of → project; → rotational; → velocity.

partâbé (#)

Fr.: projectile   

A body projected or impelled forward, as through the air.

From Mod.L. projectilis, from L. projectus, p.p. of proicere; → project.

Partâbé, from partâb "a throw, an arrow that flies far," partâbidan "to throw," from Proto-Iranian *para-tau-, from *para- "forward," → pro- + *tau- "to throw, spread, sow;" cf. Tabari tâb "throwing," tâb dəən "to throw;" Chorasmian mftw- "to perish, be destroyed, disturbed;" Ossetic aeftawyn "to throw on; to increase; to pull out."


Fr.: projection   

1) The act, process, or result of projecting.
2) The act of reproducing on a surface, by optical means, a remote image on a film, slide, etc.

Verbal noun of → project.

  فراشانگر، فراشاننده   
farâšângar, farâšânandé

Fr.: projecteur   

An apparatus for projecting an image from a film, a slide onto a screen.
A device for projecting a beam of light.

project + → -or.

kešidé (#)

Fr.: allongé   

Elongated in the direction of the polar diameter; opposed to → oblate

From L. prolatus, pt.p. of proferre "to bring forward, extend," from → pro- + → oblate.

Kešidé p.p. of Mod./Mid.Pers. kešidan, kašidan "to draw, protract, trail, drag, carry," dialectal Yaqnavi xaš "to draw," Qomi xaš "streak, stria, mark," Lori kerr "line;" Av. karš- "to draw; to plow," karša- "furrow;" Proto-Iranian *kerš-/*xrah- "to draw, plow;" cf. Skt. kars-, kársati "to pull, drag, plow;" Gk. pelo, pelomai "to move, to bustle;" PIE base kwels- "to plow."

prolate spheroid
  کره‌وار ِ کشیده   
korevâr-e kešidé

Fr.: sphéroïde allongé   

An ellipsoid produced by rotating an ellipse through 360° about its major axis. → oblate spheroid.

prolate; → spheroid.

Prometeus (#)

Fr.: Prométhée   

The third closest satellite of Saturn, also known as Saturn XVI, orbiting at a distance of 139,350 km. It orbits Saturn in 0.613 days and acts as a shepherd moon to Saturn's F ring beyond it. It is irregularly shaped, 145 x 85 x 62 km. Prometheus was iscovered by S. Collins and others in 1980 from Voyager photos.

In Gk. mythology, Prometheus was a Titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to humankind, for which Zeus punished him horribly; son of Iapetus; brother of Atlas and Epimetheus. The name literally means "forethought," from from promethes "thinking before," from → pro- "before" + mathein "to learn," from enlargement of PIE base *men- "to think;" → idea for Pers. cognates.

prometiom (#)

Fr.: prométhium   

Artificially produced radioactive chemical element; symbol Pm, the last of the rare-earths family elements to be discovered. Atomic number 61; mass number of most stable isotope 145; melting point 1,042°C; boiling point 3,000°C.

From → Prometheus. The name promethium was preferred to prometheum because most metallic elements have names ending in ium and eum would have caused problems.

zabâné (#)

Fr.: protubérance   

A loop of hot, luminous gas in the Sun's → corona consisting of cool dense → plasma supported by magnetic fields. Prominences appear bright when seen against the cool blackness of space. When they are in silhouette against the disk they are known as → filaments. Their spectrum is dominated by lines of hydrogen, helium, and calcium. Prominences have temperatures of about 10,000 K, typical of the solar → chromosphere, and densities 100 times greater than the corona. There are → quiescent prominences and → active prominences.

From L. prominentia "a jutting out, protuberance," from prominere "jut or stand out," from → pro- "forward" + minere "to project."

Zabâné "tongue-like" (flame), from zabân "tongue; → language," + suffix .

  ۱) فرگُت؛ ۲) فرگُتیدن   
1) fargot; 2) fargotidan

Fr.: 1) promesse; 2) promettre   

1a) A declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc., by one.
1b) An express assurance on which expectation is to be based.
2) To engage or undertake by promise; to make a promise (

M.E. promis(se), from O.Fr. promesse "promise, guarantee, assurance" and directly from L. promissum "a promise," from promittere "send forth; let go; assure beforehand, promise," from → pro- + mittere "to release; send."

Fargot, literally "word (say, saying) put forth," from far-, variant of farâ-, → pro-, + got, from gotan, gutan (as in Kurd. (Kurm.) gôtin, guhtin, (Sor.) gutin, Gilaki gutan, Shahmerzadi. -got- "to speak"), variant of goftan "to say, tell, utter," Mid.Pers. guftan; O.Pers. gaub- "to say."


Fr.: prometteur   

Showing signs of future success (

promise; → -ing.

  فرکشنیدن، فرکشن کردن   
farkašanidan, farkašan kardan

Fr.: promouvoir   

1) To further or encourage the progress or existence of.
2) To raise to a higher rank, status, degree, etc.
3) (Education) To advance (a pupil or student) to a higher course, class, etc.
4) To urge the adoption of; work for.
5) (Marketing) To encourage the sale of (a product) by advertising or securing financial support (

M.E. promoten, from O.Fr. promoter and directly from L. promotus, p.p. of promoverepro- "forward" + movere "to → move."

Farkašanidan, farkašan kardan, verb from farkašan, → promotion.


Fr.: promotion   

1) The act of promoting someone to a higher job, grade, or rank, or the fact of being so promoted.
2) Support or encouragement of the progress, growth, or acceptance of something.
3) An act, event, or offer that helps to increase interest in or demand for something (

Verbal noun of → promote.

Farkašan, literally "draw forward, pull up," from far-, variant of farâ-, → pro-, + kašan "drawing, pull," from kaš present stem of kašidan, → galaxy, + noun suffix -an.

  تند، بی‌درنگ   
tond (#), biderang (#)

Fr.: rapide, instantané, prompt   

Quick, at once or without delay.

M.E., from O.Fr. prompt, from L. promptus "brought forth, ready, quick," p.p. of promere "to bring forth," from → pro- "forward" + emere "to take."

Tond, "swift, rapid, brisk; fierce, severe," Mid.Pers. tund "sharp, violent;" Sogdian tund "violent;" cf. Skt. tod- "to thrust, give a push," tudáti "he thrusts;" L. tundere "to thrust, to hit" (Fr. percer, E. pierce, ultimately from L. pertusus, from p.p. of pertundere "to thrust or bore through," from per- + tundere, as explained); PIE base *(s)teud- "to thrust, to beat."
Biderang "without delay," from bi- negation prefix, → in-, + derang, → delay.

prompt neutrons
  نوترون‌های ِ تند   
notronhâ-ye tond (#)

Fr.: neutrons instantanés   

Neutrons emitted immediately by a nucleus undergoing fission, as opposed to → delayed neutrons, which are emitted by one of the fission products an appreciable time interval after the fission event (from a few milliseconds to a few minutes).

prompt; → neutron.

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