Of or relating to Carl Friedrich Gauss or his mathematical theories of magnetism, electricity, astronomy, or probability. → Gaussian distribution; → Gaussian profile.
vâbâžeš-e Gaussi (#)
Fr.: distribution gaussienne
A theoretical frequency distribution for a set of variable data, usually represented by a bell-shaped curve with a mean at the center of the curve and tail widths proportional to the standard deviation of the data about the mean.
→ Gaussian; → distribution.
Fr.: élimination de Gauss
A method of solving a matrix equation of the form A x = b, where A is a matrix and x and b are vectors. The process consists of two steps, first reducing the elements below the diagonal to 0 and second, back substituting to find the solutions.
→ Gaussian; → elimination.
Fr.: fonction de Gauss
The function e-x2, whose integral in the interval -∞ to +∞ gives the → square root of the → number pi: ∫e-x2dx = √π. It is the function that describes the → normal distribution.
Gaussian gravitational constant
pâyâ-ye gerâneši-ye Gauss
Fr.: constante gravitationnelle de Gauss
The constant, denoted k, defining the astronomical system of units of length (→ astronomical unit), mass (→ solar mass), and time (→ day), by means of → Kepler's third law. The dimensions of k2 are those of Newton's constant of gravitation: L 3M -1T -2. Its value is: k = 0.01720209895.
→ Gaussian; → gravitational; → constant.
Fr.: entier de Gauss
A → complex number whose → real and → imaginary parts are both integers.
Fr.: profile gaussien
The shape of a curve representing a normal distribution.
Math.: The condition of having → Gaussian distribution. The extent to which something is Gaussian.