Of, for, or constituting a → discipline. See also → interdisciplinary, → multidisciplinary, and → transdisciplinary.
→ discipline; → -ary.
Of an approach or study that integrates content, data, methods, tools, concepts, and theories from two or more disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge in order to advance fundamental understanding, answer complex questions, and solve problems that are too broad or complex for a simple approach. See also → multidisciplinary and → transdisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).
→ inter-; → disciplinary.
Of an approach or study that juxtaposes disciplinary perspectives, adding breadth and available knowledge, information, and methods. The involved disciplines speak as separate voices in encyclopedic alignment. The status quo is not interrogated, and disciplinary elements retain their original identity. See also → interdisciplinary and → transdisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).
→ multi-; → disciplinary.
Of a comprehensive framework that transcends the partial scope of disciplinary worldviews through an overarching synthesis, such as general systems, feminist theory, and sustainability. The term also connotes a new structure of unity informed by the worldview of complexity in science and a new mode of knowledge production that draws on expertise from a wider range of organizations, and collaborations with stakeholders in society. See also → interdisciplinary and → multidisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).
→ trans-; → disciplinary.