nim- (#), nimé- (#)
Fr.: semi-, demi-
A combining form meaning "half," freely prefixed to English words of any origin.
From L. semi- "half," from PIE *semi-; cf. Skt. sāmi "half," sāmi-krita- "half-done;" Gk. hemi- "half;" O.E. sam-; Goth. sami- "half."
Nim, nimé "half," from Mid.Pers. nêm, nêmag "half;" Av. naēma- "half;" cf. Skt. néma- "half."
Fr.: raie semi-interdite
A → spectral line for which the upper and lower → energy levels have different values of S, the total → spin angular momentum. These lines violate the quantum mechanical → selection rule under → LS coupling, ΔS = 0. For example, the Ca I λ6573 line results from transition between the upper → triplet state (3P1) with a total spin angular momentum S = 1 and the → ground state, a → singlet state (1S0, total spin angular momentum S = 0). A semi-forbidden line is marked by a right bracket following the atom name, i.e. Ca I], in the above-mentioned case. Same as → interconnection line and → intersystem line.
Fr.: transition semi-interdite
An → atomic transition whose probability is reduced by a factor of the order of 106 because of → selection rules. Same as → interconnection line.
→ semi-; → forbidden; → transition.
Fr.: demi grand axe
Half the length of the major axis of an ellipse; a standard element used to describe an elliptical orbit. see orbital elements