Fr.: éclipse annulaire-totale
A solar eclipse that has both annular and total phases. Same as → hybrid eclipse.
path of totality
Fr.: bande de totalité
The path (up to 320 km wide) that the Moon's shadow traces on the Earth during a total solar eclipse.
Constituting or comprising the whole; entire; complete in extent or degree.
Related term → general = harvin (
M.E., from O.Fr. total, from M.L. totalis "entire, total," from L. totus "all, whole, entire," of unknown origin.
Mid.Pers. hamâk, hamâg "total, all," hamâkih "totality," related to Mod.Pers. hamé- "all," variant hami "all the time, always;" Mid.Pers. hamê "all the time, always;" Av. hama- "any" (cf. Skt. sama-"any, every, whichever;" Gk. amo-then "whichever;" Goth. sums "any;" O.N. sumr "any;" O.E. sum "some;" E. some) + suffix -âk.
Fr.: abondance totale
Same as → elemental abundance.
Fr.: éclipse totale
An → eclipse in which the whole of the disk of the Sun or Moon is obscured. See also → annular eclipse, → partial eclipse, → totality, → totality path.
Fr.: énergie totale
The sum of all forms of energy involved in a system.
Fr.: fonction totale
A function whose value is defined for all possible input values.
Fr.: gravité totale
In a → rotating star, the sum of the → gravitational, → centrifugal, and → radiative accelerations. See also → effective gravity.
total internal reflection
bâztâb-e hamâk-e daruni
Fr.: réflexion totale interne
A phenomenon occurring when a light ray traveling cross an → interface from a higher → refractive index medium to a lower refractive index medium hits the interface at an angle larger than the → critical angle. In these conditions the light will not pass through to the second → medium at all. Instead, all of it will be reflected back into the first medium.
→ total; → internal; → reflection.
total lunar eclipse
Fr.: éclipse lunaire totale
A → lunar eclipse when the entire → Moon passes through the Earth's → umbra. The maximum duration of a total lunar eclipse is 1h 47m. It happens when the Moon crosses the umbra at its → apogee, where it moves the most slowly, and the Earth is at its → aphelion. The longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting 1h 42m 59s, occurred on the night of 27 to 28 July 2018 (Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand). See also → tetrad.
Fr.: pression totale
The sum of → static pressure, → dynamic pressure, and → hydrostatic pressure in the → Bernoulli equation.
1) Of or relating to a centralized government that does not tolerate parties of
opinion and that exercises dictatorial control over many aspects of life.
From totali-, from → totality + -arian, a suffix forming adjectives or nouns ending in → -ary.
1) The practices and principles of a totalitarian regime.
→ totalitarian; → -ism.
The period during a → solar eclipse when the → Sun is completely blocked by the → Moon. Totality for a → lunar eclipse is the period when the Moon is in the complete → shadow of the → Earth. For a solar eclipse totality can last from only several fractions of a second to a theoretical maximum of 7m 31s, depending on the → distance from the Moon to the Earth. For a lunar eclipse totality can last up to 1h 47m, also depending on the distance from the Moon to the Earth and on its → passage through the shadow. See also → totality path.
pah-e hamâki, gozargâh-e ~
Fr.: ligne de totalité
Of a → solar eclipse, the path of the → umbra across the → Earth. The totality path is usually about 100 km across, but under the most favorable conditions, when the → Moon is at its nearest → distance to Earth and the Earth is at its farthest distance from the Sun, the umbra can have a diameter of about 270 km.