An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < age Cos ice Lar obj spe > >>

Number of Results: 116 Search : age
spectral coverage
  پوشش ِ بینابی   
pušeš-e binâbi

Fr.: couverture spectrale   

The → range of → wavelengths or frequencies (→ frequency) at which a → detector is sensitive. Same as → bandwidth.

spectral; → coverage.

gâmé (#)

Fr.: étape   

A single step or phase in an ongoing process.

M.E., from O.Fr. estage "a story or floor of a building, stage for performance," from V.L. *staticum "a place for standing," from L. statum, p.p. of stare "to stand."

Gâmé, from gâm "step, pace" (related to âmadan "to come"); Mid.Pers. gâm "step, stride, pace;" O.Pers. gam- "to come; to go;" Av. gam- "to come; to go," jamaiti "goes;" cf. Skt. gamati "goes;" Gk. bainein "to go, walk, step;" L. venire "to come;" Tocharian A käm- "to come;" O.H.G. queman "to come;" E. come; PIE stem *gwem- "to go, come."

Stone Age
  عصر ِ سنگ   
asr-e sang (#)

Fr.: âge du fer   

A prehistoric period during which the main material used to make tools and weapons was stone. The Stone Age is usually divided into three separate periods (Paleolithic Period, Mesolithic Period, and Neolithic Period) based on the degree of sophistication in the fashioning and use of tools. The Paleolithic time period is by far the longest, beginning some two million years ago and ending around 10,000 BC to coincide with the end of the last ice age (Pleistocene epoch).

stone; → age.

  زیر-وینه، زیر-تصویر   
zir-vine, zir-tasvir

Fr.: sous-image   

A part of a larger image.

sub-; → image.

synthetic language
  زبان ِ هندایشی   
zabân-e handâyeši

Fr.: langue synthétique   

A language in which the phrase meaning is determined by case endings of individual words and not by the relation between the words. Old English was a highly synthetic language. Compare with → analytic language.

synthetic; → language.

system manager
  گنارگر ِ راژمان   
gonârgar-e râžmân

Fr.: administrateur de système   

A person in charge of the configuration and administration of a multi-user computer system inside a network.

system; → manager.

task manager
  گنارگر ِ تش، تش-گنارگر   
gonârgar-e taš, taš-gonârgar

Fr.: gestionnaire de tâches   

A → software → utility that enables a → user to view each of the tasks currently running on the → computer, each of the → processes, and the overall performance of the computer.

task; → manager.

terminal age main sequence (TAMS)
  رشته‌ی ِ فریست با سن ِ پایانی   
rešte-ye farist bâ senn-e pâyâni

Fr.: séquence principale d'âge terminal   

The locus of stars on the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram that are at the point of exhausting hydrogen in their cores. TAMS forms the upper luminosity boundary of the → main sequence strip. See also → zero age main sequence (ZAMS).

terminal; → age; → main; → sequence.

time of periapsis passage
  زمان ِ گذر از پیراهباک   
zamân-e gozar az pirâhabâk

Fr.: temps de passage au périapse   

One of the → orbital elements, the time when the → secondary body reaches → periapsis.

time; → periapsis; → passage.

unsharp image
  وینه‌ی ِ ناتیگ، تصویر ِ ~   
vine-ye nâtig, tasvir-e ~

Fr.: image floue   

An image in which finer details are not visible. → blurred image

un-; → sharp image.

  ده، دهکده   
deh, dehkadé

Fr.: village   

A small group of dwellings in a rural area, usually ranking in size between a hamlet and a town.

M.E. village, from O.Fr. village, from L. villaticus, ultimately from L. villa "country house," related to vicus "village, group of houses," vecinus "neighbor;" cf. Mid.Pers. wis "village," Manichean Mid.Pers. wys "to repose;" Khotanese bäsā "house;" O.Pers. viθ- "settlement;" Av. vis- "to enter;" cf. Skt. vis- "house;" Albanian vis- "place;" Gothic weihs "village;" E. suffix wich, -wick (as in Norwich and Brunswick); Iranian dialects/languages Xonsâri hos "house, home;" Lori, Laki hoš, höš, hovš "house, home;" Baluci ges "house, home;" Kermânshahi, Ilâmi, Lori huz "clan, family, tribe;" Parachi γos, γus "house, home;" Wakhi wiš- / wišt- "to set [of sun];" Yaghnavi wes-, ves- "to go down;" PIE *ueik- "to settle (down)."

Deh, dehkadé, from Mid.Pers. dêh "village, settlement, country;" loaned into Armenian deh "district;" O.Pers./Av. dahyu- "country."

virtual image
  وینه‌ی ِ ویر‌آگین، تصویر ِ ~   
vine-ye virâgin, tasvir-e ~

Fr.: image virtuelle   

Optics: An image formed inside an instrument at the point where diverging rays would cross if they were extended backward into the instrument. Such an image cannot be obtained on a screen placed at its apparent position, since the rays do not pass through that point. → real image.

virtual; → image.

voltâž (#)

Fr.: voltage, tension   

The electric potential difference expressed in volts.

From → volt.

  کلینش؛ ۲) کلینه، کلین-پاره   
1) kalineš; 2) kaline, kalin-pâre


1) Act of wrecking; state of being wrecked.
2) Remains or fragments of something that has been wrecked.

wreck + suffix -age forming mass and abstract nouns.

zero age horizontal branch star (ZAHB)
  ستاره‌ی ِ شاخه‌ی ِ افقی با سن ِ صفر   
setâre-ye šâxe-ye ofoqi bâ senn-e sefr

Fr.: étoile de la branche horizontale d'âge zéro   

A star that has arrived on the → horizontal branch after leaving the → red giant branch. It begins → helium burning in its core.

zero; → age; → horizontal; → branch; → star.

zero age main sequence (ZAMS)
  رشته‌ی ِ فریست با سن ِ صفر   
rešte-ye farist bâ senn-e sefr

Fr.: séquence principale d'âge zéro   

The position on the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for newborn stars which have just started → hydrogen burning in their cores. The ZAMS forms the lower luminosity boundary of of the → main sequence strip. See also → terminal age main sequence (TAMS).

zero; → age; → main sequence.

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