Fr.: voltage de biais
A voltage applied or developed between two electrodes as a bias.
Fr.: tension de coupure
The electrode voltage which reduces the value of a dependent variable, e.g. anode current, to a specified low value.
electron volt (eV)
The energy acquired by an electron when accelerated through a → potential difference of 1 volt (1 eV = 1.602 × 10-12 → ergs = 11605 → kelvins).
Fr.: voltage de bruit
Fluctuations of electric potential in a physical system due to spontaneous disturbances in the system.
Voltage which exceeds the normal value between a conductor and earth.
Fr.: détecteur photovoltaÃ¯que
A detector usually constituted by a p-n junction. Upon irradiation, the electron-hole pairs which are created, are immediately separated by the strong electric field across the junction, and a current is generated, which is proportional to the number of incident photons per second.
The SI unit of potential difference, defined as the difference of potentials across the ends of a conductor in which a power 1 watt is liberated when a current of 1 ampere flows through it.
In honor of the Italian scientist Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), known for his pioneering work in electricity and the invention of the first battery.
Fr.: voltage, tension
The electric potential difference expressed in volts.
From → volt.
Of, relating to electricity or electric currents, especially when produced by chemical action, as in a cell. → photovoltaic detector.
Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), Italian physicist, known for his pioneering work in electricity.