corotating interaction region (CIR)
nâhiye-ye andaržireš-e hamcarxandé
Fr.: région d'interaction en corotation
A spiral-shaped density enhancement formed around a star when fast stellar winds collide with slower material. This large-scale wind structure can extend from the stellar surface to possibly several tens of stellar radii. The CIRs can be produced by intensity irregularities at the stellar surface, such as dark and bright spots, magnetic loops and fields, or non-radial pulsations. The surface intensity variations alter the radiative wind acceleration locally, which creates streams of faster and slower wind material. CIRs are responsible for the → discrete absorption components seen in some ultraviolet → resonance lines of → hot stars (S. R. Cranmer & S. P. Owocki, 1996, ApJ 462, 469).
→ corotate; → interaction; → region.
Fr.: interaction de Coulomb
The reciprocal force between two or more → charged particles according to → Coulomb's law.
→ coulomb; → interaction.
Fr.: interaction électrofaible
The unified description of two of the four fundamental interactions of nature, → electromagnetism and the → weak interaction which would merge into a single force under conditions of extreme temperature (above 1016 degrees, 102 GeV) prevalent in the early history of the → Universe.
→ electroweak; → interaction.
Fr.: interaction de Fermi
An old explanation, proposed by Enrico Fermi, of the → weak interaction.
→ fermi; → interaction.
Fr.: interaction fondamentale
Any of the four interactions in nature between bodies of matter and that are mediated by one or more particles. Also called the → fundamental force. In order of decreasing strength, the four fundamental interactions are the → strong interaction, the → electromagnetic interaction, the → weak interaction, and the → gravitational interaction.
→ fundamental; → interaction.
Fr.: interaction gravitationnelle
Mutual attraction between any two bodies that have mass.
→ gravitational; → interaction.
General: Mutual or reciprocal action or influence.
Capable of acting on or influencing each other
From → interaction; + → -al.
screened Coulomb interaction
andaržireš-e bâparde-ye Coulomb
Fr.: interaction de Coulomb écrantée
The → Coulomb interaction reduced owing to the presence of other electrons. See → shielding effect.
→ screen; → coulomb; → interaction.
Fr.: interaction forte
The interaction between quarks that is transmitted by gluons. The characteristic range of the strong interaction is 10-13 cm, and the time scale over which it operates is on the order of 10-23 second. Also called → strong force.
→ strong; → interaction.
andaržireš-e nezâr, ~ kamzvr
Fr.: interaction faible
One of the fundamental forces of nature that accounts for some particle interaction, such as → beta decay (→ radioactivity), the decay of free → neutrons, → neutrino interactions, and so forth. It is short-ranged, dominating at distances of 10-16 cm and occurs at a rate slower than that of the → strong interaction by a factor of about 10-13, hence its name. Although the weak interaction also includes interactions in which no neutrinos are emitted, neutrino emission accompanies all weak interactions of interest to astrophysics. Weak interaction plays an important role in the evolution of the stars from birth to death. For example, the → proton-proton reaction is a weak interaction. Also called → weak force or → weak nuclear force.
→ weak; → interaction.