An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 972
  آنالسگر، آناکاوگر   
ânâlasgar, ânâkâvgar

Fr.: analyseur   

An optical device by which the direction of → polarization of a beam of light can be detected. Usually the light has been passed through a → polarizer before arriving at the analyzer.

Agent noun, from → analyze + → -er.

  آناریختی، آناریخت‌مند   
ânârixti, ânârixmand

Fr.: anamorphique   

The quality of an → anamorphic system.

ana- "up," + morphe "form," → morphology + → -ic.

anamorphic system
  راژمان ِ آناریخت، ~ آناریخت‌مند   
râžmân-e ânârixt, ~ ânârixtmand

Fr.: système anamorphique   

An optical system whose optical power, and imaging scale, differs in the two principal directions. See also → anamorphosis.

anamorphic; → system.


Fr.: anamorphose   

1) Optics: The formation of a distorted image by an → anamorphic system.
2) Biology: The evolution from one type to another through a gradual and steady process of changes.
3) Art: A distorted image that appears in proportion when it is viewed from a specific point of view or reflected in a curved mirror, or with some other optical device.

From Gk. anamorphosis "transformation," noun of action from anamorphoein "to transform," from → ana- "up," + morphe "form" + -sis a suffix forming abstract nouns of action, process, state, condition, etc.

Ânârixtmandi, from ânâ- "up," + rixt "morphe," → morphology, + mand, → -ist + noun suffix -i.

Ananke [Jupiter XII]

Fr.: Ananké   

The thirteenth of Jupiter's known satellites discovered by S.B. Nicholson in 1951. It orbits the planet at a mean distance of 21,200,000 km, and has a diameter of about 30 km.

In Gk. mythology, Ananke is the personification of destiny, unalterable necessity and fate; she is also the mother of Adrastea,

anastigmatic lens
  عدسی ِ گراور   
adasi-ye gerâ-var

Fr.: anastigmate   

A lens designed to correct → astigmatism.

astigmatism; → lens.

niyâ (#)

Fr.: ancêtre   

One from whom a person is descendant; a forefather.

M.E. ancestre, from O.Fr. ancestre, ancessor "ancestor, forebear, forefather," from L.L. antecessor "predecessor," literally "fore-goer," agent noun from p.p. stem of L. antecedere "to precede," from ante "before" + cedere "to go," → process.

Niyâ, from Mid.Pers. niyâg "forefather, ancestor;" O.Pers. niyāka-, Av. nyāka-

  اُ، و   
o, va

Fr.: et   

1) (Conjunction, used to connect grammatically coordinate words, phrases, or clauses) Along or together with; as well as; in addition to; besides; also; moreover. → if and only if.
2) (Conjunction) Added to; plus (

From M.E., from O.E., akin to O.H.G. unti "and."

Va "and," graphical corruption of o "and;" Mid.Pers. ut, u- "and;" O.Pers. utā; Av. uta- "and;" cf. Skt. utá; maybe also influenced by Av. a disjunctive particle (Skt. ) "or," occasionally used in the sense of "and;" ... "either, or;" cf. Sogd. βa, fa "and, or," "or."

Anderson bridge
  پل ِ اندرسون   
pol-e Anderson

Fr.: pont d'Anderson   

A six-branch modification of the → Maxwell bridge that measures → inductance in terms of → resistance and → capacitance.

A. Anderson (1891, Phil. Mag. (5) 31, 329); → bridge.


Fr.: androgyne   

Being neither distinguishably → masculine nor → feminine, as in dress, appearance, or behavior (

From L. androgynus, from Gk. androgynos "male and female in one; womanish man; hermaphrodite," from andros, genitive of aner "male," from PIE root *ner-, Pers. nar, → male, + gyne "woman," from PIE root *gwen- "woman," Pers. zan, → woman.

Merâcen, literally "man-woman," from merâ, from Ardestâni, Nâini, Tarqi (Natanz) mera "man," cf. Tâti malle "man," Pers. mir "master," Mid.Pers. mêrak "(young) man" + Gorgâni cen "woman," variant Pers. zan, → woman.


Fr.: androgyne   

The state of appearing to be neither feminine nor masculine.

Noun from → androgynous.

  آندرومدا، زن ِ به زنجیر بسته   
Ândromedâ, Zan-e bé Zanjir Basté (#)

Fr.: Andromède   

A northern constellation between → Perseus and → Pegasus located at approximately R.A. 1h, Dec. +40 deg. Abbreviation And, Genitive form Andromedae.

In Gk. mythology, Andromeda was the princess of Ethiopia, daughter of → Cepheus and → Cassiopeia. The queen Cassiopeia angered Poseidon by saying that Andromeda (or possibly Cassiopeia herself) was more beautiful than the Nereids. Poseidon sent a sea monster to prey upon the country; he could be appeased only by the sacrifice of the king's daughter. Andromeda in sacrifice was chained to a rock by the sea; but she was rescued by → Perseus, who killed the monster and later married her. Cassiopeia, Cepheus, and Andromeda were all set among the stars as constellations.

Zan-e bé Zanjir Basté "the chained woman," coined by the 11th century astronomer Biruni, from Ar. Emra'at al-mosalsalah "the chained woman," from the Gk. mythology.

Andromeda galaxy (M31, NGC 224)
  کهکشان ِ آندرومدا، ~ زن ِ به زنجیر بسته   
kahkašân-e Ândromedâ (#), ~ Zan-e bé Zanjir Basté (#)

Fr.: galaxie d'Andromède   

The nearest → spiral galaxy to our own and a major member of the → Local Group. It lies in the constellation → Andromeda and is the most remote object normally visible to the naked eye. The earliest known reference to this galaxy is by the Iranian astronomer Sufi who called it "the little cloud" in his Book of Fixed Stars (A.D. 964).

Andromeda; → galaxy.


Fr.: Andromédides   

A meteor shower which appears about 25 November with its → radiant located in the constellation → Andromeda. The Andromedids are the debris of → Biela's comet. The short-period comet, discovered in 1826, split into two parts in the middle of the 19th century and later vanished. Hence their alternative name Bielids.

Andromedids, from Andromeda constellation + → -ids suffix denoting "descendant of, belonging to the family of."

Ândromedâiyân, from Ândromedâ + -iyân, → -ids.

bâdsanj (#)

Fr.: anémomètre   

An instrument for measuring and indicating the force or speed of the wind.

From Gk. anemos "wind" + → -meter.

Bâdsanj, from bâd "wind" + -sanj, → -meter.

  زاویه، گوشه، کنج   
zâviyé, gušé, konj

Fr.: angle   

The figure formed by two lines extending from a common point; the figure formed by two intersecting planes (dihedral angle).

L. angulum (nominative angulus) "corner," a dim. form from PIE *ang-/*ank- "to bend;" cf. Skt. ankah "hook, bent," Gk. angkon "elbow," angkura "anchor," Lith. anka "loop," O.E. ancleo "ankle," O.H.G. ango "hook," Av. ank- "curved, crooked," Av. angušta- "toe," Mod.Pers. angošt, angol, angul "finger".

Zâviyé from Ar. zâwiyat "corner, angle".
Gušé "corner, angle," Mid.Pers. gošak "corner."
Konj, "angle, corner," → diagonal.

angle of deviation
  زاویه‌ی ِ کژرفت   
zâviye-ye kažraft

Fr.: angle de déviation   

The angle between the → incident ray of light entering an → optical system (such as a prism) and the → refracted ray that emerges from the system. Because of the different indices of refraction for the different wavelengths of visible light, the angle of deviation varies with wavelength.

angle; → deviation.

angle of emergence
  زاویه‌ی ِ زمرچش   
zâviye-ye zomarceš

Fr.: angle d'émergence   

The angle of the light coming out of a medium. For a medium with parallel sides (such as a glass slab) it is equal to the angle of incidence.

angle; → emergence.

angle of incidence
  زاویه‌ی ِ فتاد   
zâviye-ye fotâd

Fr.: angle d'incidence   

The angle formed between a ray of light striking a surface and the normal to that surface at the point of incidence. Also called → incidence angle.

angle; → incidence.

angle of inclination
  زاویه‌ی ِ درکیل   
zâviye-ye darkil

Fr.: angle d'inclinaison   

1) General: The angle between one plane and another, or the angle formed by a reference axis and a given line.
2) Binary systems: The angle between the plane of the orbit and the → plane of the sky.
3) Rotating stars: The angle between the → equatorial plane and the → plane of the sky.

angle; → inclination.

<< < -ab ab- abo abs abs acc acc ack act acu add adi adv aff agg Ald Alf ali all alp alt Ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc are Ari art asp ast ast ast Ata atm ato att aut ave axi > >>