Fr.: paramètre d'Eddington
A → dimensionless parameter indicating the degree to which a star is close to the → Eddington limit. It is expressed as Γ = L / LEdd = κ L / (4πGMc), where L and M are the star luminosity and mass respectively, κ is the opacity, c the speed of light, and G the → gravitational constant. At the Eddington limit, Γ = 1, the star would become unbound. Because stellar luminosity generally scales with a high power of the stellar mass (L∝ M3-4), → massive stars with M larger than 10 Msun generally have electron Eddington parameters of order Γ ≅ 0.1-1.
After Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882-1944), prominent British astrophysicist; → parameter.
effective Eddington parameter
pârâmun-e Eddington-e oskarmand
Fr.: paramètre d'Eddington effectif
The effective value of the → Eddington parameter in a non-homogeneous system (porous opacity).